Recent Changes for "Water Fluoridation" - Davis Wikihttp://daviswiki.org/Water_FluoridationRecent Changes of the page "Water Fluoridation" on Davis Wiki.en-us Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 18:33:29StevenDaubert&amp; re fixing the typos that were fixed <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 114: </td> <td> Line 114: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Fluoride has both a systemic and topical effect and is beneficial to adults in two ways. The first is through the remineralization process, in which beginning carious lesions in the enamel fail to enlarge or may even reverse because of frequent exposure to small amounts of fluoride. The other protective benefit is in the prevention of root caries, a progressive lesion of the root surface, affecting adults with gingival recession.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ Fluoride has both a systemic and topical effect and is beneficial to adults in two ways. The first is through the re-mineralization process, in which beginning carious lesions in the enamel fail to enlarge or may even reverse because of frequent exposure to small amounts of fluoride. The other protective benefit is in the prevention of root caries, a progressive lesion of the root surface, affecting adults with gingival recession.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 144: </td> <td> Line 144: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. In fact, the WHO and others have recommended removal of fluoride in places where it's above the optimum dental benefit (which is some .7 to 1.2ppm). Nonetheless, they've all said fluoridation is beneficial. Regarding fluoridation, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddi<span>di</span>ty that's dangerous and not nec<span>c</span>essary. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. In fact, the WHO and others have recommended removal of fluoride in places where it's above the optimum dental benefit (which is some .7 to 1.2ppm). Nonetheless, they've all said fluoridation is beneficial. Regarding fluoridation, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddity that's dangerous and not necessary. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 146: </td> <td> Line 146: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Water fluoridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water fluoridation is unnec<span>c</span>essary in areas where people have regular access to fluor<span>o</span>idated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES] </td> <td> <span>+</span> Water fluoridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water fluoridation is unnecessary in areas where people have regular access to fluoridated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 148: </td> <td> Line 148: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not ''required'' for healthy teeth (but it sure helps). Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise rec<span>ie</span>ve poor oral health care. I support public fluoridation, but I can understand and respect people's opposition to it. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not ''required'' for healthy teeth (but it sure helps). Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise rec<span>ei</span>ve poor oral health care. I support public fluoridation, but I can understand and respect people's opposition to it. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 18:31:17StevenDaubertRe adding my comment that CO saw fit to indirectly remove <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 179: </td> <td> Line 179: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + ------<br> + <br> + I think the Dentist who commented a few comments up was truthful and objective with his comment ~SD</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 18:27:58StevenDaubertcause it's poorly placed and knee jerk. It's not thought out &amp; full of fallacy? <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 4: </td> <td> Line 4: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- <br> - [[Image(FluoridePoisoning.png, left, 400, thumbnail, "Yes, you do need to call poison control if you swallow your fluoridated toothpaste, but don't worry, it's perfectly safe to drink your fluoridated water everyday.")]]</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 62: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + [[Image(FluoridePoisoning.png, right, 200, thumbnail, "Yes, you do need to call poison control if you swallow your fluoridated toothpaste, but don't worry, it's perfectly safe to drink your fluoridated water everyday.")]]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 18:02:12ConstantiaOomenRevert to version 85 (Why is PRO allowed and CON not Steven??). <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span> </td> <td> <span>+ [[Image(FluoridePoisoning.png, left, 400, thumbnail, "Yes, you do need to call poison control if you swallow your fluoridated toothpaste, but don't worry, it's perfectly safe to drink your fluoridated water everyday.")]]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 144: </td> <td> Line 144: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. In fact, the WHO and others have recommended removal of fluoride in places where it's above the optimum dental benefit (which is some .7 to 1.2ppm). Nonetheless, they've all said fluoridation is beneficial. Regarding fluoridation, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddity that's dangerous and not necessary. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. In fact, the WHO and others have recommended removal of fluoride in places where it's above the optimum dental benefit (which is some .7 to 1.2ppm). Nonetheless, they've all said fluoridation is beneficial. Regarding fluoridation, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddi<span>di</span>ty that's dangerous and not nec<span>c</span>essary. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 146: </td> <td> Line 146: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Water fluoridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water fluoridation is unnecessary in areas where people have regular access to fluoridated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES] </td> <td> <span>+</span> Water fluoridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water fluoridation is unnec<span>c</span>essary in areas where people have regular access to fluor<span>o</span>idated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 179: </td> <td> Line 179: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- <br> - [[Image(FluoridePoisoning.png, left, 400, thumbnail, "Yes, you do need to call poison control if you swallow your fluoridated toothpaste, but don't worry, it's perfectly safe to drink your fluoridated water everyday.")]]<br> - <br> - ------<br> - <br> - I think the Dentist who commented a few comments up was truthful and objective with his comment ~SD</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 17:15:21StevenDaubertmoving Co related propaganda out of the smack dab center of page + some typos <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- [[Image(FluoridePoisoning.png, left, 400, thumbnail, "Yes, you do need to call poison control if you swallow your fluoridated toothpaste, but don't worry, it's perfectly safe to drink your fluoridated water everyday.")]]</span> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 144: </td> <td> Line 144: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. In fact, the WHO and others have recommended removal of fluoride in places where it's above the optimum dental benefit (which is some .7 to 1.2ppm). Nonetheless, they've all said fluoridation is beneficial. Regarding fluoridation, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddi<span>di</span>ty that's dangerous and not nec<span>c</span>essary. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. In fact, the WHO and others have recommended removal of fluoride in places where it's above the optimum dental benefit (which is some .7 to 1.2ppm). Nonetheless, they've all said fluoridation is beneficial. Regarding fluoridation, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddity that's dangerous and not necessary. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 146: </td> <td> Line 146: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Water fluoridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water fluoridation is unnec<span>c</span>essary in areas where people have regular access to fluor<span>o</span>idated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES] </td> <td> <span>+</span> Water fluoridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water fluoridation is unnecessary in areas where people have regular access to fluoridated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 179: </td> <td> Line 179: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + [[Image(FluoridePoisoning.png, left, 400, thumbnail, "Yes, you do need to call poison control if you swallow your fluoridated toothpaste, but don't worry, it's perfectly safe to drink your fluoridated water everyday.")]]<br> + <br> + ------<br> + <br> + I think the Dentist who commented a few comments up was truthful and objective with his comment ~SD</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 16:58:16ConstantiaOomenSomething to think about <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 4: </td> <td> Line 4: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + [[Image(FluoridePoisoning.png, left, 400, thumbnail, "Yes, you do need to call poison control if you swallow your fluoridated toothpaste, but don't worry, it's perfectly safe to drink your fluoridated water everyday.")]]<br> + <br> + ==</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 16:55:50ConstantiaOomenUpload of image <a href="http://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation?action=Files&do=view&target=FluoridePoisoning.png">FluoridePoisoning.png</a>.Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 16:45:16ConstantiaOomenWikipedia photo illustrating how medication fluoride was added to drinking water <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 17: </td> <td> Line 17: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + [[Image(FluorideMonitor.jpeg, left, 400, thumbnail, "Fluoride monitor (at left) in a community water tower pumphouse, Minnesota, 1987. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Fluoride-monitor-Anderson-1987.jpeg Wikipedia Courtesy]")]]<br> + = =</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 16:37:53ConstantiaOomenUpload of image <a href="http://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation?action=Files&do=view&target=FluorideMonitor.jpeg">FluorideMonitor.jpeg</a>.Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 15:45:55ConstantiaOomenRecent (2012) (free) movie about water fluoridation <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The city council considered a fluoridation project in 2013, but rejected it in an October vote of the same year. [http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html Link] </td> <td> <span>+</span> The city council considered a fluoridation project in 2013, but rejected it in an October vote of the same year. [http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html Link]<span>&nbsp;More recent developments regarding the fluoridation of drinking water include a movie: [http://aninconvenienttooth.org/ An Inconvenient Tooth - movie]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 15:25:50JabberWokkyRestoring point, reworded. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 13: </td> <td> Line 13: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may stop fluoridating the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may stop fluoridating the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year.<span>&nbsp;However, some counter that in the long run this will likely increase the need for state/federal funded dental programs because the fraction of a second a fluoride ion contacts a tooth while passing through one's mouth considerably increases dental hygiene.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 13:57:25ConstantiaOomen <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 16: </td> <td> Line 16: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> For a healthy counterbalance in your fluorid<span>e</span> opinions/knowledge , [http://www.fluoridealert.org/issues/water/ look here] </td> <td> <span>+</span> For a healthy counterbalance in your <span>water </span>fluorid<span>ation</span> opinions/knowledge , [http://www.fluoridealert.org/issues/water/ look here] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 13:53:20ConstantiaOomenAdding counterbalance link <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 16: </td> <td> Line 16: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ For a healthy counterbalance in your fluoride opinions/knowledge , [http://www.fluoridealert.org/issues/water/ look here]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 13:31:07ConstantiaOomen <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 163: </td> <td> Line 163: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> "James Reeves<span>&nbsp;</span>: The solution for the fluoridation issue is very simple. </td> <td> <span>+</span> "James Reeves: The solution for the fluoridation issue is very simple. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 13:29:03ConstantiaOomenAdding counterbalance <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 160: </td> <td> Line 160: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2013-10-10 12:56:57'' [[nbsp]] Please not that the city of Davis has REJECTED water fluoride, and please note that the information on this page is not the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth: http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html --["Users/ConstantiaOomen"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2013-10-10 12:56:57'' [[nbsp]] Please not that the city of Davis has REJECTED water fluoride, and please note that the information on this page is not the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth: http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html<span><br> + <br> + Want to add a voice of reason: [http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html#comment-1069577609 Link]<br> + "James Reeves : The solution for the fluoridation issue is very simple.<br> + SIMPLE SOLUTION:<br> + 1. Take the toxic waste fluoride chemical out of the drinking water.<br> + 2. It is still legal and available, so those who wish to take it can then put fluoride in their own glass of water.<br> + 3. Leave the rest of us out of it, giving everyone the freedom of choice.<br> + PROBLEM SOLVED FOR EVERYONE."<br> + <br> + </span> --["Users/ConstantiaOomen"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 12:57:40ConstantiaOomen <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 160: </td> <td> Line 160: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2013-10-10 12:56:57'' [[nbsp]] Please not that the city of Davis has REJECTED water fluoride, and please note the information on this page is not the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth: http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html --["Users/ConstantiaOomen"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2013-10-10 12:56:57'' [[nbsp]] Please not that the city of Davis has REJECTED water fluoride, and please note th<span>at th</span>e information on this page is not the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth: http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html --["Users/ConstantiaOomen"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 12:56:57ConstantiaOomenComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 159: </td> <td> Line 159: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2013-10-10 12:56:57'' [[nbsp]] Please not that the city of Davis has REJECTED water fluoride, and please note the information on this page is not the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth: http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html --["Users/ConstantiaOomen"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 12:54:08ConstantiaOomenPlease, can we be a little more multilateral here? <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 15: </td> <td> Line 15: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Many of the factual<span>&nbsp;(</span>biased<span>)</span> pieces of information on this page are taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society [http://www.sdds.org/Fluoridation.htm website] </td> <td> <span>+</span> Many of the factual<span>/</span>biased pieces of information on this page are taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society [http://www.sdds.org/Fluoridation.htm website] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 12:47:40ConstantiaOomenWho has written this? This is not plain factual, it is unilateral information <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 15: </td> <td> Line 15: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Many of the factual pieces of information on this page are taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society [http://www.sdds.org/Fluoridation.htm website] </td> <td> <span>+</span> Many of the factual<span>&nbsp;(biased)</span> pieces of information on this page are taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society [http://www.sdds.org/Fluoridation.htm website] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 12:42:09ConstantiaOomenComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 157: </td> <td> Line 157: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2013-10-10 12:42:09'' [[nbsp]] I think this page contains very, very biased information. Unfortunately it is so much, I don't know where to start. --["Users/ConstantiaOomen"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 12:40:05ConstantiaOomenRemoving too biased information. Not everybody thinks this and/or wants this <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 13: </td> <td> Line 13: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may stop fluoridating the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;However, in the long run this will likely increase the need for state/federal funded dental programs because the fraction of a second a fluoride ion contacts a tooth while passing through one's mouth considerably increases dental hygiene.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may stop fluoridating the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 18: </td> <td> Line 18: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-10 12:36:49ConstantiaOomenRemoved not working link and added a working link <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The city council considered a fluoridation project in 2013, but rejected it in an October vote of the same year. </td> <td> <span>+</span> The city council considered a fluoridation project in 2013, but rejected it in an October vote of the same year.<span>&nbsp;[http://www.sacbee.com/2013/10/02/5789826/davis-rejects-fluoride-in-city.html Link]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 13: </td> <td> Line 13: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may <span>[http://cbs13.com/californiapolitics/sacramento.fluoride.budget.2.1704499.html stop fluoridating]</span> the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year. However, in the long run this will likely increase the need for state/federal funded dental programs because the fraction of a second a fluoride ion contacts a tooth while passing through one's mouth considerably increases dental hygiene. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may <span>stop fluoridating</span> the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year. However, in the long run this will likely increase the need for state/federal funded dental programs because the fraction of a second a fluoride ion contacts a tooth while passing through one's mouth considerably increases dental hygiene. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-10-02 09:31:46jefftolentino <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 2: </td> <td> Line 2: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + The city council considered a fluoridation project in 2013, but rejected it in an October vote of the same year.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-09-24 09:49:50IssacTrottsComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 152: </td> <td> Line 152: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2013-09-24 09:49:50'' [[nbsp]] Here's a statement by Dr. J. William Hirzy, Vice President of the EPA Headquarters Union where he says that the EPA asked to be taken off the ADA's list of supporters for fluoridation. According to him the toxicity of fluoride (presumably he means either sodium fluoride or hexafluorosilic acid, which are the types of fluoride used for water fluoridation) is between that of lead and arsenic, but the EPA has set a far higher limit on its safety level than for the other two.<br> + <br> + http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hRLz4a7lDVM --["Users/IssacTrotts"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-07 17:11:48MilesBurr <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 145: </td> <td> Line 145: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- ''2012-09-14 11:24:28'' [[nbsp]] Good sir, please consider this piece I am providing you with, and don't just write it off as fear-mongering "conspiracy theories". It may have some things you will find interesting. Thank you<br> - <br> - Source:http://www.fluoridealert.org/articles/iq-facts/ also check there sources.<br> - --["Users/MilesBurr"]<br> - ------</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-06 03:23:27MaxLucas <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 8: </td> <td> Line 8: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + Some people say that there are other concerns about our water and food supply that are much more important such as lead and arsenic in bottled fruit juices from concentrate or chickens that are fed arsenic to fatten them up.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-05 09:40:24CovertProfessornote I am not saying fluoride is unsafe, only that ubiquity doesn't show safety <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 7: </td> <td> Line 7: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottled drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. Many other foods are made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals raised for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply. Of course, the fact that it is ubiquitous says nothing about whether it is safe or not because there are too many confounding factors and no control group. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottled drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. Many other foods are made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals raised for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply. Of course, the fact that it is ubiquitous says nothing about whether it is safe or not because there are too many confounding factors and no control group<span>; you need a control group to compare outcomes for those who are consuming fluoride in some specified amount to those who are not consuming fluoride</span>. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-05 09:38:16CovertProfessor <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 7: </td> <td> Line 7: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottled drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. Many other foods are made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals raised for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply. Of course, the fact that it is ubiquitous says nothing about whether it is safe or not. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottled drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. Many other foods are made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals raised for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply. Of course, the fact that it is ubiquitous says nothing about whether it is safe or not<span>&nbsp;because there are too many confounding factors and no control group</span>. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-05 09:32:28CovertProfessorubiquity ≠ safety <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 7: </td> <td> Line 7: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottled drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. Many other foods are made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals raised for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottled drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. Many other foods are made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals raised for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;Of course, the fact that it is ubiquitous says nothing about whether it is safe or not.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-05 03:06:31MaxLucas <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 7: </td> <td> Line 7: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottle drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. <span>Food is</span> made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottle<span>d</span> drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. <span>Many other foods are</span> made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals <span>raised </span>for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-04 21:58:59MaxLucasmore details <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 6: </td> <td> Line 6: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + Fluoride is found in many everyday sources from tea, to orange juice from concentrate, to apple juice from concentrate, to soda, to bottle drinks, to milk, to cheese, to yogurt, etc. Soda is made with water from municipal water supplies that are fluoridated. Milk, cheese, ice cream, and yogurt come from cows that drink municipal water that is fluoridated. Food is made with water that comes from fluoridated municipal water supplies. Animals for food consumption drink water from fluoridated water supplies. Crops are watered with fluoridated water. There is fluoride everywhere in our food supply.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-04 21:51:59MaxLucasdetails <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 109: </td> <td> Line 109: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Bottled water does not contain fluoride unless it says so on the label. Some supermarkets do indeed carry 1 gallon water bottles with fluoride and<span>&nbsp;are</span> these bottles are clearly marked with the word fluoride. Fluoridated bottled water is sold mostly in cities where the municipal water supply does not fluoridate their water. Most convenience stores don't carry the water with fluoride. It is easier to get fluoridated bottled water (5 gallon) through water delivery companies like Arrowhead. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Bottled water does not contain fluoride unless it says so on the label. Some supermarkets do indeed carry 1 gallon water bottles with fluoride and these bottles are clearly marked with the word fluoride. Fluoridated bottled water is sold mostly in cities where the municipal water supply does not fluoridate their water. Most convenience stores don't carry the water with fluoride. It is easier to get fluoridated bottled water (5 gallon) through water delivery companies like Arrowhead. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 120: </td> <td> Line 120: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Because Davis municipal water does not contain optimal fluoride, fluoride supplements are recommended for optimal dental health. Check with your child's dentist for his/her recommendation regarding a fluoride prescription. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Because Davis municipal water does not contain optimal fluoride, fluoride supplements are recommended for optimal dental health. Check with your child's dentist for his/her recommendation regarding a fluoride prescription.<span>&nbsp;There are fluoride toothpastes with higher levels of fluoride that are available by prescription. These toothpastes are used for people who have tooth decay and want to avoid potential cavities that require fillings.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-04 21:15:14JoelBremsonComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 148: </td> <td> Line 148: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2013-05-04 21:15:14'' [[nbsp]] This article is terrible. A good place to start reviewing water fluoridation is the article "Systematic review of water fluoridation" - BMJ. 2000 October 7; 321(7265): 855–859. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC27492/ . The paper finds non-significant benefits in the meta-analysis, but concludes that most of the studies are of poor quality. We don't really know if it is of benefit, and we don't know how it harms people. We do know however that fluoride is toxic, and there is no nutritional<br> + requirement for it by the body.<br> + <br> + --["Users/JoelBremson"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-02 23:06:25MaxLucas <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In fact, one woman suffered from high levels of fluoride because she made ice tea with a huge amount of tea bags. She received an x-ray that showed dense areas in her skeleton. At first, doctors thought that she had bone cancer, however they soon discovered that it was due to excessive fluoride consumption. Over time, the body will eliminate the excess fluoride and the bones will return to normal due to the normal breakdown and renewal of bone material. </td> <td> <span>+</span> In fact, one woman suffered from high levels of fluoride because she made <span>daily </span>ice tea with a huge amount of tea bag<span>s over several year</span>s. She received an x-ray that showed dense areas in her skeleton. At first, doctors thought that she had bone cancer, however they soon discovered that it was due to excessive fluoride consumption. Over time, the body will eliminate the excess fluoride and the bones will return to normal due to the normal breakdown and renewal of bone material. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-02 23:02:21MaxLucasmore details <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 4: </td> <td> Line 4: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + In fact, one woman suffered from high levels of fluoride because she made ice tea with a huge amount of tea bags. She received an x-ray that showed dense areas in her skeleton. At first, doctors thought that she had bone cancer, however they soon discovered that it was due to excessive fluoride consumption. Over time, the body will eliminate the excess fluoride and the bones will return to normal due to the normal breakdown and renewal of bone material.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 107: </td> <td> Line 109: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Bottled water does not contain fluoride unless it says so on the label. <span>It is a</span>v<span>ailable but most supermarkets and conv</span>enience stores don't carry the <span>small water bottles</span> with fluoride. It is easier to get fluoridated bottled water (5 gallon) through water delivery companies like Arrowhead. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Bottled water does not contain fluoride unless it says so on the label. <span>Some supermarkets do indeed carry 1 gallon water bottles with fluoride and are these bottles are clearly marked with the word fluoride. Fluoridated bottled water is sold mostly in cities where the municipal water supply does not fluoridate their water. Most con</span>venience stores don't carry the <span>water</span> with fluoride. It is easier to get fluoridated bottled water (5 gallon) through water delivery companies like Arrowhead. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2013-05-02 21:28:37BarbaraKingComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 143: </td> <td> Line 143: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2013-05-02 21:28:37'' [[nbsp]] The ADA no longer recommends blanket use of fluoride supplements for most children in unfluoridated areas, as they had recommended for decades. In the November 2010 JADA they published their new recommendation which is to prescribe fluoride supplements only to children who are at high risk of caries and only after doing an assessment of their other sources of fluoride intake. See full article here: http://jada.ada.org/content/141/12/1480.full.pdf+html<br> + --["Users/BarbaraKing"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2012-09-14 11:24:28MilesBurrComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 138: </td> <td> Line 138: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2012-09-14 11:24:28'' [[nbsp]] Good sir, please consider this piece I am providing you with, and don't just write it off as fear-mongering "conspiracy theories". It may have some things you will find interesting. Thank you<br> + <br> + Source:http://www.fluoridealert.org/articles/iq-facts/ also check there sources.<br> + --["Users/MilesBurr"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2011-10-02 15:44:38elronprovided evidence for fluoride hygene <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may [http://cbs13.com/californiapolitics/sacramento.fluoride.budget.2.1704499.html stop fluoridating] the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year. However, in the long run this will likely increase the need for state/federal funded dental programs<span>.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may [http://cbs13.com/californiapolitics/sacramento.fluoride.budget.2.1704499.html stop fluoridating] the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year. However, in the long run this will likely increase the need for state/federal funded dental programs<span>&nbsp;because the fraction of a second a fluoride ion contacts a tooth while passing through one's mouth considerably increases dental hygiene.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2011-07-20 22:54:44StevenDaubertComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 136: </td> <td> Line 136: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2011-07-20 22:54:44'' [[nbsp]] I took some fluoride when I was younger, it was tasteh! --["Users/StevenDaubert"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2011-07-20 20:05:47ScottMeehleibComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 134: </td> <td> Line 134: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2011-07-20 20:05:47'' [[nbsp]] Is there any way to get high on fluoride? Sometimes that other dental drug gets boring. --["Users/ScottMeehleib"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2011-07-20 17:31:26MaxLucas <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Black <span>T</span>ea and <span>G</span>reen are high in fluoride. ["Tea"] leaves of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) contain a high concentration of fluoride and aluminum. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Black <span>t</span>ea and <span>g</span>reen<span>&nbsp;tea</span> are high in fluoride. ["Tea"] leaves of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) contain a high concentration of fluoride and aluminum. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2011-07-20 17:17:31MaxLucastea is high in fluoride <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 2: </td> <td> Line 2: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + Black Tea and Green are high in fluoride. ["Tea"] leaves of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) contain a high concentration of fluoride and aluminum.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2011-02-02 11:24:03DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 131: </td> <td> Line 131: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not ''required'' for healthy teeth (but it sure helps). Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva <span>to </span>for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. I support public fluoridation, but I can understand and respect people's opposition to it. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not ''required'' for healthy teeth (but it sure helps). Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. I support public fluoridation, but I can understand and respect people's opposition to it. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2011-02-02 11:20:46DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 41: </td> <td> Line 41: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. Many elements and minerals can be poisonous in the proper concentrations. With <span>optimally fluoridated </span>water, an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison. Consuming ''very'' large quantities of anything over several years could have adverse health effects. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. Many elements and minerals can be poisonous in the proper concentrations. With water<span>&nbsp;fluoridated at 1ppm </span>, an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison. Consuming ''very'' large quantities of anything over several years could have adverse health effects. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2011-02-02 10:52:38DagonJoneschanges to current guidelines for fluoridating water. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''Fluoride''' is a either a safe, naturally occurring element that helps prevent tooth decay or a malicious/foolish ploy by a conspiracy. Either way, ["water"] in Davis is '''''not''''' supplemented with fluoride, so those who can afford it can have it either way, choosing to add fluoride into their daily regimen or not. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis ["tap water"] are about 0.2 ppm, which is 1/<span>5</span> the optimal level for the health benefits. ["Sacramento"] and ["Roseville"] supplement the ["Davis Water Wells" municipal water] supplies to optimal fluoride levels. </td> <td> <span>+</span> '''Fluoride''' is a either a safe, naturally occurring element that helps prevent tooth decay or a malicious/foolish ploy by a conspiracy. Either way, ["water"] in Davis is '''''not''''' supplemented with fluoride, so those who can afford it can have it either way, choosing to add fluoride into their daily regimen or not. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis ["tap water"] are about 0.2 ppm, which is 1/<span>3</span> the optimal level for the health benefits. ["Sacramento"] and ["Roseville"] supplement the ["Davis Water Wells" municipal water] supplies to optimal fluoride levels.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;Recent (late 2010) government evaluations have changed the recommended optimal levels of fluoride in drinking water from 1ppm to 0.7ppm. This change was based upon increasing levels of mild fluorosis in children and adolescents. Mild fluorosis causes minor (but harmless) visual imperfections in the teeth.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-05-20 10:05:07DagonJonesadding info about Sacramento stopping fluoridation. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 2: </td> <td> Line 2: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + Due to budget cuts, Sacramento may [http://cbs13.com/californiapolitics/sacramento.fluoride.budget.2.1704499.html stop fluoridating] the municipal water. By doing this, the city can save about $1 million per year. However, in the long run this will likely increase the need for state/federal funded dental programs.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-03-12 10:14:15DagonJonesa little more vague, and oddly a little more accurate <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 39: </td> <td> Line 39: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. Many elements and minerals can be poisonous in the proper concentrations. With optimally fluoridated water, an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison. Consuming ''very'' large quantities of <span>optimally fluoridated water</span> over several years could have adverse health effects. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. Many elements and minerals can be poisonous in the proper concentrations. With optimally fluoridated water, an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison. Consuming ''very'' large quantities of <span>anything</span> over several years could have adverse health effects. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 21:05:39DagonJoneshere is that link, lots more info there, I cant believe I forgot <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Many of the factual pieces of information on this page are taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society website<span>&nbsp;(''link?'').</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Many of the factual pieces of information on this page are taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society <span>[http://www.sdds.org/Fluoridation.htm </span>website<span>]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 15:48:01EdWinsfixing formating <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 125: </td> <td> Line 125: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. <span>Ever</span>y<span>one fluoridates</span>, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddidity that's dangerous and not neccessary. </td> <td> <span>+ </span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. <span>In fact, the WHO and others have recommended removal of fluoride in places where it's above the optimum dental benefit (which is some .7 to 1.2ppm). Nonetheless, the</span>y<span>'ve all said fluoridation is beneficial. Regarding fluoridation</span>, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddidity that's dangerous and not neccessary. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 15:22:39JabberWokkyUpload of image <a href="http://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation?action=Files&do=view&target=ItsATrap.png">ItsATrap.png</a>.Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 15:22:15JabberWokky <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 26: </td> <td> Line 26: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ [[Image(ItsATrap.png, right, thumbnail, 400, "In the 1950s, water fluoridation was claimed to be a communist plot to weaken the United States")]]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 15:18:34JabberWokkyMissed a couple. If only I had emacs in chrome. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 93: </td> <td> Line 93: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 94: </td> <td> Line 95: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In addition to the direct benefits of successfully fighting tooth decay, water fluoridation has several indirect advantages to adults as well. These include reductions in pain from dental infections, fewer missing teeth, fewer abscessed teeth, reduced need for dentures, fewer cases of misaligned teeth caused by early tooth loss, and fewer school and working days lost due to dental disorders or visits to the dentist. </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + </span> In addition to the direct benefits of successfully fighting tooth decay, water fluoridation has several indirect advantages to adults as well. These include reductions in pain from dental infections, fewer missing teeth, fewer abscessed teeth, reduced need for dentures, fewer cases of misaligned teeth caused by early tooth loss, and fewer school and working days lost due to dental disorders or visits to the dentist. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 15:16:43JabberWokky(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 93: </td> <td> Line 93: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride has both a systemic and topical effect and is beneficial to adults in two ways. The first is through the remineralization process, in which beginning carious lesions in the enamel fail to enlarge or may even reverse because of frequent exposure to small amounts of fluoride. The other protective benefit is in the prevention of root caries, a progressive lesion of the root surface, affecting adults with gingival recession. </td> <td> <span>+ </span> Fluoride has both a systemic and topical effect and is beneficial to adults in two ways. The first is through the remineralization process, in which beginning carious lesions in the enamel fail to enlarge or may even reverse because of frequent exposure to small amounts of fluoride. The other protective benefit is in the prevention of root caries, a progressive lesion of the root surface, affecting adults with gingival recession. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 15:11:20JabberWokkyFormatting, intro and expansion on one sideways injected point. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span>Fluoride<span>&nbsp;is</span> a safe, naturally occurring element that helps prevent tooth decay.<span><br> -</span> ["<span>W</span>ater"] in Davis is <span>NOT supplemented with fluoride</span>. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis ["tap water"] are about 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level. ["Sacramento"] and ["Roseville"] supplement the ["Davis Water Wells" municipal water] supplies to optimal fluoride levels.<br> <span>-</span> M<span>ost of the</span> information on this page <span>is</span> taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society website. </td> <td> <span>+ '''</span>Fluoride<span>''' is a either</span> a safe, naturally occurring element that helps prevent tooth decay<span>&nbsp;or a malicious/foolish ploy by a conspiracy</span>.<span>&nbsp;Either way,</span> ["<span>w</span>ater"] in Davis is <span>'''''not''''' supplemented with fluoride, so those who can afford it can have it either way, choosing to add fluoride into their daily regimen or not</span>. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis ["tap water"] are about 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level<span>&nbsp;for the health benefits</span>. ["Sacramento"] and ["Roseville"] supplement the ["Davis Water Wells" municipal water] supplies to optimal fluoride levels.<br> <span>+ <br> +</span> M<span>any of the factual pieces of</span> information on this page <span>are</span> taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society website<span>&nbsp;(''link?'')</span>.<span><br> + </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 8: </td> <td> Line 9: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Fluoridation is the single most effective public health measure to prevent tooth decay and to improve oral health over a lifetime.</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 10: </td> <td> Line 10: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> More than 60 years of scientific research has found that people living in communities with fluoridated water have healthier teeth and significantly fewer cavities than people living where the water is not fluoridated.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> Today, more than 162 million people in the United States drink fluoridated water – 66 percent of the U.S. population. In California, only 29 percent of the cities with public water supplies fluoridate.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> Studies comparing the decay experience of people living in fluoridated versus fluoride-deficient areas demonstrate that adult who consume fluoridated water have a lower prevalence of dental decay.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> The cost of fluoridation for a lifetime of protection is approximately $50 - less than the cost to fill just one cavity.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> The California Dental Association has estimated that every dollar invested in fluoridation saves about $140 in dental bills.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> DentiCal costs California taxpayers approximately $700 million every year, a significant part of which paid for treatments that could easily have been prevented with fluoridation.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> More than 50 percent of today’s first-graders are cavity-free due to fluoridation.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> In adults, fluoride can reduce cavities by up to 40 percent, while strengthening tooth enamel and preventing root and gum disease – helping adults keep their teeth for a lifetime.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> The American Medical Association, American Dental Association, the Centers for Disease Control, the National Institutes of Health, and the World Health Organization are among a myriad of major state, national and international health service organizations that strongly endorse the use of fluoridated water.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> All water contains some fluoride naturally, but community water fluoridation, which has been safely consumed by the public for over 60 years, is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health.<br> <span>- <br> -</span> Fluoride is a mineral naturally occurring in almost all food and water supplies and comes from the element fluorine, the 13th most abundant element in the earth's crust. </td> <td> <span>+ * Fluoridation is the single most effective public health measure to prevent tooth decay and to improve oral health over a lifetime.<br> + *</span> More than 60 years of scientific research has found that people living in communities with fluoridated water have healthier teeth and significantly fewer cavities than people living where the water is not fluoridated.<br> <span>+ *</span> Today, more than 162 million people in the United States drink fluoridated water – 66 percent of the U.S. population. In California, only 29 percent of the cities with public water supplies fluoridate.<br> <span>+ *</span> Studies comparing the decay experience of people living in fluoridated versus fluoride-deficient areas demonstrate that adult who consume fluoridated water have a lower prevalence of dental decay.<br> <span>+ *</span> The cost of fluoridation for a lifetime of protection is approximately $50 - less than the cost to fill just one cavity.<br> <span>+ *</span> The California Dental Association has estimated that every dollar invested in fluoridation saves about $140 in dental bills.<br> <span>+ *</span> DentiCal costs California taxpayers approximately $700 million every year, a significant part of which paid for treatments that could easily have been prevented with fluoridation.<br> <span>+ *</span> More than 50 percent of today’s first-graders are cavity-free due to fluoridation.<br> <span>+ *</span> In adults, fluoride can reduce cavities by up to 40 percent, while strengthening tooth enamel and preventing root and gum disease – helping adults keep their teeth for a lifetime.<br> <span>+ *</span> The American Medical Association, American Dental Association, the Centers for Disease Control, the National Institutes of Health, and the World Health Organization are among a myriad of major state, national and international health service organizations that strongly endorse the use of fluoridated water.<br> <span>+ *</span> All water contains some fluoride naturally, but community water fluoridation, which has been safely consumed by the public for over 60 years, is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health.<br> <span>+ *</span> Fluoride is a mineral naturally occurring in almost all food and water supplies and comes from the element fluorine, the 13th most abundant element in the earth's crust. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 37: </td> <td> Line 28: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: Current research indicates that when used consistently in appropriate doses fluoride stimulates the formation of bone, increases bone formation earlier, and increases spinal bone density. Research studies also show that fluoride may help rebuild bone loss in post-menopausal women suffering from osteoporosis. However, in very large doses, fluoride can be detrimental to bone health and cause gastro-intestinal problems. </td> <td> <span>+ </span> Fact: Current research indicates that when used consistently in appropriate doses fluoride stimulates the formation of bone, increases bone formation earlier, and increases spinal bone density. Research studies also show that fluoride may help rebuild bone loss in post-menopausal women suffering from osteoporosis. However, in very large doses, fluoride can be detrimental to bone health and cause gastro-intestinal problems. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 42: </td> <td> Line 33: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: More than fifty studies have evaluated the possibility of an association between fluoride and cancer and found no relationship between community water fluoridation and cancer. Several independent expert panels of epidemiologists have reviewed the relevant scientific literature and agree that there is NO credible evidence for an association between either naturally occurring fluoride or adjusted fluoride in drinking water and risk of cancer in humans. </td> <td> <span>+ </span> Fact: More than fifty studies have evaluated the possibility of an association between fluoride and cancer and found no relationship between community water fluoridation and cancer. Several independent expert panels of epidemiologists have reviewed the relevant scientific literature and agree that there is NO credible evidence for an association between either naturally occurring fluoride or adjusted fluoride in drinking water and risk of cancer in humans. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 47: </td> <td> Line 38: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. Many elements and minerals can be poisonous in the proper concentrations. With optimally fluoridated water, an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison. Consuming ''very'' large quantities of optimally fluoridated water over several years could have adverse health effects. </td> <td> <span>+ </span> Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. Many elements and minerals can be poisonous in the proper concentrations. With optimally fluoridated water, an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison. Consuming ''very'' large quantities of optimally fluoridated water over several years could have adverse health effects. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 50: </td> <td> Line 41: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- '''<br> - </span>Myth: There are harmful levels of contaminants in the fluorides used for water fluoridation.'''<br> <span>-</span> Fact: Contaminants are pervasive in chemicals, but the contaminants found in the chemicals used for water fluoridation are controlled and regulated for volume and amount, so as not to be deemed harmful by the EPA. The United States Environmental Protection Agency regulates the maximum permissible level of contaminants in drinking water. </td> <td> <span>+ '''</span>Myth: There are harmful levels of contaminants in the fluorides used for water fluoridation.'''<br> <span>+ </span> Fact: Contaminants are pervasive in chemicals, but the contaminants found in the chemicals used for water fluoridation are controlled and regulated for volume and amount, so as not to be deemed harmful by the EPA. The United States Environmental Protection Agency regulates the maximum permissible level of contaminants in drinking water. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 60: </td> <td> Line 50: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Fluoride is a naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay when ingested systemically or applied to teeth topically.<br> - The fluoride ion comes from the element fluorine. Fluorine, the 13th most abundant element in the earth's crust, is never encountered in its free state in nature. It exists only in combination with other elements as a fluoride compound. It is found in this form as a constituent of minerals in rocks and soil everywhere. Water passes over rock formations containing fluoride and dissolves these compounds, creating fluoride ions. The result is that small amounts of soluble fluoride ions are present in all water sources, including the oceans. Fluoride is present to some extent in all foods and beverages, in various concentrations.<br> - Studies comparing the decay experience of people living in fluoridated versus fluoride-deficient areas demonstrate that adults who consume fluoridated water have a lower prevalence of dental decay.</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 51: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Fluoride acts via 3 methods, all of these methods are achieved with topical fluoride:<br> - '''1. ''' Fluoride replaces the hydroxide ion in the tooth enamel. Tooth enamel is made of hydroxyapatite, replacing the hydroxide ion with fluoride ion results in a stronger bond between the ions. The tooth structure is therefore, more resistant to acid demineralization.<br> - '''2.''' Fluoride helps to rebuild enamel by sequestering calcium and phosphate ions from saliva. The fluoride ion binds to the enamel rods and facilitates the natural remineralization process (repairing of demineralized enamel from acid attack) that naturally occurs in saliva.<br> - '''3. ''' Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme'' Enolase.'' Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ Fluoride is a naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay when ingested systemically or applied to teeth topically.<br> + <br> + The fluoride ion comes from the element fluorine. Fluorine, the 13th most abundant element in the earth's crust, is never encountered in its free state in nature. It exists only in combination with other elements as a fluoride compound. It is found in this form as a constituent of minerals in rocks and soil everywhere. Water passes over rock formations containing fluoride and dissolves these compounds, creating fluoride ions. The result is that small amounts of soluble fluoride ions are present in all water sources, including the oceans. Fluoride is present to some extent in all foods and beverages, in various concentrations.<br> + <br> + Studies comparing the decay experience of people living in fluoridated versus fluoride-deficient areas demonstrate that adults who consume fluoridated water have a lower prevalence of dental decay.<br> + <br> + Fluoride acts via 3 methods, all of these methods are achieved with topical fluoride:<br> + <br> + 1. Fluoride replaces the hydroxide ion in the tooth enamel. Tooth enamel is made of hydroxyapatite, replacing the hydroxide ion with fluoride ion results in a stronger bond between the ions. The tooth structure is therefore, more resistant to acid demineralization.<br> + 1. Fluoride helps to rebuild enamel by sequestering calcium and phosphate ions from saliva. The fluoride ion binds to the enamel rods and facilitates the natural remineralization process (repairing of demineralized enamel from acid attack) that naturally occurs in saliva.<br> + 1. Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme'' Enolase.'' Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 70: </td> <td> Line 64: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- '''<br> - What is water fluoridation?'''<br> - All water contains some fluoride naturally. Water fluoridation is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health. In the United States, the optimum concentration for fluoride in the water has been established in the range of 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million (ppm).</span> </td> <td> <span>+ '''What is water fluoridation?'''<br> + All water contains some fluoride naturally. Water fluoridation is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health. In the United States, the optimum concentration for fluoride in the water has been established in the range of 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million (ppm).</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 76: </td> <td> Line 69: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- '''Why have some individuals and groups objected to<br> - water fluoridation?'''<br> - Some people claim people oppose fluoridation out of fear and ignorance, several small but highly vocal groups were formed for the sole purpose of fighting fluoridation. Most of these organizations, however, lack sufficient resources or expertise to have much impact outside of the individual communities where they are based. Many people consider fluoridation mass medication and are opposed to this idea. Other people believe that there are negative health effects from fluoride that outweigh the dental benefits.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ '''Why have some individuals and groups objected to water fluoridation?'''<br> + Some people claim people oppose fluoridation out of fear and ignorance, several small but highly vocal groups were formed for the sole purpose of fighting fluoridation. Most of these organizations, however, lack sufficient resources or expertise to have much impact outside of the individual communities where they are based. Many people consider fluoridation mass medication and are opposed to this idea. Other people believe that there are negative health effects from fluoride that outweigh the dental benefits.<br> + <br> + An entirely different group of people support the idea that fluorine does have clear health benefits, but object to the manner in which it is given. The fluorine is good; the method of non-choice application is a common way for small groups of people to decide and enforce their vision of what is "for the good" of all other individuals. Historically, many horrors have been committed in the name of helping the masses without their consent, and those people find that fluoridating the public water supply is a fundamentally objectionable and extreme method of delivery for a comparably minor benefit.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 81: </td> <td> Line 75: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ '''Aren’t there other effective alternatives to community water fluoridation?'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 82: </td> <td> Line 77: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- '''Aren’t there other effective alternatives to community<br> - water fluoridation?'''<br> -</span> Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells). Other programs include fluoridated-salt in some European and South American countries (much as how common table salt in the USA is typically supplemented with iodine), as well as even milk-fluoridation programs aimed to help children in countries ranging from the UK to Russia. Fluoridated toothpaste is considered to be very effective, but as mentioned, none of these programs are as effective as community-based water-fluoridation at reaching those at highest risk and need. </td> <td> <span>+ </span> Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells). Other programs include fluoridated-salt in some European and South American countries (much as how common table salt in the USA is typically supplemented with iodine), as well as even milk-fluoridation programs aimed to help children in countries ranging from the UK to Russia. Fluoridated toothpaste is considered to be very effective, but as mentioned, none of these programs are as effective as community-based water-fluoridation at reaching those at highest risk and need. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 89: </td> <td> Line 82: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Yes. Dental caries (tooth decay) continues to be a significant oral health problem which is preventable through a combination of measures.<br> - Tooth decay is, by far, the most prevalent and costly of oral health problems among all age groups.<br> - It is also the principle cause of tooth loss from early childhood through middle age, when tooth loss from periodontal disease is a major concern. However, caries continues to be problematic for middle-aged and older adults, particularly root caries. In addition to its effects in the mouth, dental caries may affect general well-being by interfering with an individual's ability to eat certain foods and by impacting an individual's emotional and social well-being by causing pain and discomfort. Tooth decay, particularly in the front teeth, also can effect an individual's self-esteem by detracting from their appearance.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + Yes. Dental caries (tooth decay) continues to be a significant oral health problem which is preventable through a combination of measures.<br> + <br> + Tooth decay is, by far, the most prevalent and costly of oral health problems among all age groups.<br> + <br> + It is also the principle cause of tooth loss from early childhood through middle age, when tooth loss from periodontal disease is a major concern. However, caries continues to be problematic for middle-aged and older adults, particularly root caries. In addition to its effects in the mouth, dental caries may affect general well-being by interfering with an individual's ability to eat certain foods and by impacting an individual's emotional and social well-being by causing pain and discomfort. Tooth decay, particularly in the front teeth, also can effect an individual's self-esteem by detracting from their appearance.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 94: </td> <td> Line 90: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''<span><br> - </span>Do adults benefit from fluoridation?'''<br> <span>-</span> Yes. Research has shown that the caries preventive effects of fluoride are not limited to children. Adults obtain substantial benefits as well. </td> <td> <span>+</span> '''Do adults benefit from fluoridation?'''<br> <span>+ <br> + </span> Yes. Research has shown that the caries preventive effects of fluoride are not limited to children. Adults obtain substantial benefits as well. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 103: </td> <td> Line 99: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Bottled water does not contain fluoride unless it says so on the label. It is available but most supermarkets and convenience stores don't carry the small water bottles with fluoride. It is easier to get fluoridated bottled water (5 gallon) through water delivery companies like Arrowhead. </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + </span> Bottled water does not contain fluoride unless it says so on the label. It is available but most supermarkets and convenience stores don't carry the small water bottles with fluoride. It is easier to get fluoridated bottled water (5 gallon) through water delivery companies like Arrowhead. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 108: </td> <td> Line 105: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Brita does not remove fluoride from the water. The only systems that do filter out fluoride use reverse osmosis. </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + </span> Brita does not remove fluoride from the water. The only systems that do filter out fluoride use reverse osmosis. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 111: </td> <td> Line 109: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- '''<br> - Does my child need a fluoride prescription?'''<br> - Because Davis municipal water does not contain optimal fluoride, fluoride supplements are recommended for optimal dental health. Check with your child's dentist for his/her recommendation regarding a fluoride prescription.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ '''Does my child need a fluoride prescription?'''<br> + <br> + Because Davis municipal water does not contain optimal fluoride, fluoride supplements are recommended for optimal dental health. Check with your child's dentist for his/her recommendation regarding a fluoride prescription.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:54:20DagonJonesremoving signature and italics per donshor suggestion, I agree with him <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 64: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> <span>'''''</span>Fluoride acts via 3 methods, all of these methods are achieved with topical fluoride:<span>'''</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride acts via 3 methods, all of these methods are achieved with topical fluoride: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 67: </td> <td> Line 67: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''3. ''' Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme'' Enolase.'' Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar.<span>&nbsp;--["Users/DagonJones"]''</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> '''3. ''' Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme'' Enolase.'' Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:52:42DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 128: </td> <td> Line 128: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not ''required'' for healthy teeth. Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. I support public fluoridation, but I can understand and respect people's opposition to it. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not ''required'' for healthy teeth<span>&nbsp;(but it sure helps)</span>. Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. I support public fluoridation, but I can understand and respect people's opposition to it. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:28:51DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 128: </td> <td> Line 128: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not ''required'' for healthy teeth. Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not ''required'' for healthy teeth. Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. <span>&nbsp;I support public fluoridation, but I can understand and respect people's opposition to it. </span>--["Users/DagonJones"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:10:50EdWinssssh <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 84: </td> <td> Line 84: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells). Other programs include fl<span>ou</span>ridated-salt in some European and South American countries (much as how common table salt in the USA is typically supplemented with iodine), as well as even milk-fl<span>ou</span>ridation programs aimed to help children in countries ranging from the UK to Russia. Fl<span>ou</span>ridated toothpaste is considered to be very effective, but as mentioned, none of these programs are as effective as community-based water-fl<span>ou</span>ridation at reaching those at highest risk and need. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells). Other programs include fl<span>uo</span>ridated-salt in some European and South American countries (much as how common table salt in the USA is typically supplemented with iodine), as well as even milk-fl<span>uo</span>ridation programs aimed to help children in countries ranging from the UK to Russia. Fl<span>uo</span>ridated toothpaste is considered to be very effective, but as mentioned, none of these programs are as effective as community-based water-fl<span>uo</span>ridation at reaching those at highest risk and need. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 124: </td> <td> Line 124: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- *</span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. Everyone fl<span>ou</span>ridates, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddidity that's dangerous and not neccessary.<br> - <span>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;T</span>ake a <span>look at the salt in your pantry. Or next time you go to the supermarket. The bulk of the salt used in the United States is iodinated. Salt supplemented with iodine, it helps pre</span>ve<span>nt thyroid issues and goiters, plain old table salt, right? Well, some countries use flouridated salt - ranging from Germany and France in Europe out to Columbia and Jamaica. Other countries take a different approach and have some flou</span>ridation programs aimed at children - the UK, Russia, Peru, Chile have milk-fl<span>ou</span>ridation. Milk! The world-wide scientific consensus is that fluoridation is very, very good. In the US you hear more about 'what if there's too much' arguments and simply more from people who are simply scared of it. I tend to think this is simply unintentional ignorance. Pretty much every first-world country, as well as the WHO, have agreed that fl<span>ou</span>ridation is critical in dental care and preventing carries and decay.<br> <span>-</span> Water fl<span>ou</span>ridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water fl<span>ou</span>ridation is unneccessary in areas where people have regular access to fl<span>our</span>idated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES] </td> <td> <span>+ </span> Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. Everyone fl<span>uo</span>ridates, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddidity that's dangerous and not neccessary.<br> <span>+ Take a look at the salt in your pantry. Or next time you go to the supermarket. The bulk of the salt used in the United States is iodinated. Salt supplemented with iodine, it helps prevent thyroid issues and goiters, plain old table salt, right? Well, some countries use fluoridated salt </span>- <span>ranging from Germany and France in Europe out to Columbia and Jamaica. Other countries t</span>ake a <span>different approach and ha</span>ve<span>&nbsp;some fluo</span>ridation programs aimed at children - the UK, Russia, Peru, Chile have milk-fl<span>uo</span>ridation. Milk! The world-wide scientific consensus is that fluoridation is very, very good. In the US you hear more about 'what if there's too much' arguments and simply more from people who are simply scared of it. I tend to think this is simply unintentional ignorance. Pretty much every first-world country, as well as the WHO, have agreed that fl<span>uo</span>ridation is critical in dental care and preventing carries and decay.<br> <span>+</span> Water fl<span>uo</span>ridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water fl<span>uo</span>ridation is unneccessary in areas where people have regular access to fl<span>uoro</span>idated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:09:58DagonJonesonce again making it not so one sided <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 37: </td> <td> Line 37: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: Current research indicates that when used consistently in appropriate doses fluoride stimulates the formation of bone, increases bone formation earlier, and increases spinal bone density. Research studies also show that fluoride may help rebuild bone loss in post-menopausal women suffering from osteoporosis. However, in very large doses, fluoride can be detrimental to bone health and cause <span>si</span>g<span>nifican g</span>astro-intestinal problems. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fact: Current research indicates that when used consistently in appropriate doses fluoride stimulates the formation of bone, increases bone formation earlier, and increases spinal bone density. Research studies also show that fluoride may help rebuild bone loss in post-menopausal women suffering from osteoporosis. However, in very large doses, fluoride can be detrimental to bone health and cause gastro-intestinal problems. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 47: </td> <td> Line 47: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. <span>Everything is a poison in the right concentration</span>. With optimally fluoridated water an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. <span>Many elements and minerals can be poisonous in the proper concentrations</span>. With optimally fluoridated water<span>,</span> an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;Consuming ''very'' large quantities of optimally fluoridated water over several years could have adverse health effects.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:09:51EdWins <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 84: </td> <td> Line 84: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells). Other programs include flouridated-salt in some European and South American countries (much as how common table salt in the USA is typically supplemented with iodine), as well as even milk-flouridation programs aimed to help children in countries ranging from the UK to Russia. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells). Other programs include flouridated-salt in some European and South American countries (much as how common table salt in the USA is typically supplemented with iodine), as well as even milk-flouridation programs aimed to help children in countries ranging from the UK to Russia.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;Flouridated toothpaste is considered to be very effective, but as mentioned, none of these programs are as effective as community-based water-flouridation at reaching those at highest risk and need.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:08:21EdWins <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 84: </td> <td> Line 84: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells). </td> <td> <span>+</span> Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells).<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;Other programs include flouridated-salt in some European and South American countries (much as how common table salt in the USA is typically supplemented with iodine), as well as even milk-flouridation programs aimed to help children in countries ranging from the UK to Russia.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:06:24DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that <span>prevents tooth decay and builds healthy teeth. Just as Vitamin C prevents scurvy, fluoride </span>helps prevent <span>["den</span>t<span>is</span>t<span>s"</span> de<span>nt</span>a<span>l disease]</span>. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that helps prevent t<span>oo</span>t<span>h</span> de<span>c</span>a<span>y</span>. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:06:02EdWinsreply. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 124: </td> <td> Line 124: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ * Davis water is 0.2 ppm. The EPA has the MCLG at 4.0. The controversy over the EPA's decision was that many people think 2.0ppm (or 3.0ppm) should have been the maximum. Either way, Davis is far, far below the MCLG (that's 20 fold below the MCLG the EPA set, and 10 fold below the expected maximum). And clearly, lower than the recommended levels. Everyone flouridates, there seems to be a general notion that it's a United States oddidity that's dangerous and not neccessary.<br> + Take a look at the salt in your pantry. Or next time you go to the supermarket. The bulk of the salt used in the United States is iodinated. Salt supplemented with iodine, it helps prevent thyroid issues and goiters, plain old table salt, right? Well, some countries use flouridated salt - ranging from Germany and France in Europe out to Columbia and Jamaica. Other countries take a different approach and have some flouridation programs aimed at children - the UK, Russia, Peru, Chile have milk-flouridation. Milk! The world-wide scientific consensus is that fluoridation is very, very good. In the US you hear more about 'what if there's too much' arguments and simply more from people who are simply scared of it. I tend to think this is simply unintentional ignorance. Pretty much every first-world country, as well as the WHO, have agreed that flouridation is critical in dental care and preventing carries and decay.<br> + Water flouridation is simply the easiest way to reach the most people, especially those at higher risk. The only real scientific dissenters (other than the aforementioned 2.0 vs 3.0 vs 4.0 MCLG debates) is that a few studies conclude that water flouridation is unneccessary in areas where people have regular access to flouridated toothpaste. Again though, putting it in the water reaches the people that need it most. To say that it's not required for healthy teeth is at this point just simply not true, as decades of research and empirical data have shown. -["users/edwins" ES]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:05:28DagonJones <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 125: </td> <td> Line 125: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not required for healthy teeth. Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not <span>''</span>required<span>''</span> for healthy teeth. Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) ''trace element.'' ''Topical'' fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:02:25DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 37: </td> <td> Line 37: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: Current research indicates that when used consistently in appropriate doses fluoride stimulates the formation of bone, increases bone formation earlier, and increases spinal bone density. Research studies also show that fluoride may help rebuild bone loss in post-menopausal women suffering from osteoporosis. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fact: Current research indicates that when used consistently in appropriate doses fluoride stimulates the formation of bone, increases bone formation earlier, and increases spinal bone density. Research studies also show that fluoride may help rebuild bone loss in post-menopausal women suffering from osteoporosis.<span>&nbsp;However, in very large doses, fluoride can be detrimental to bone health and cause significan gastro-intestinal problems.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 11:01:13DagonJonesbit of editing to make things not so one sided and allow room for other opinions <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 125: </td> <td> Line 125: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not required for healthy teeth. Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) trace element.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>Topical fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not required for healthy teeth. Fluoride is not considered a nutrient, but is considered an important (not essential) <span>''</span>trace element.<span>'' ''</span>Topical<span>''</span> fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay (There is absolutely NO debate about this) and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:59:57DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 125: </td> <td> Line 125: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not required for healthy teeth. <span>However</span>, <span>t</span>opical fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not required for healthy teeth. <span>Fluoride is not considered a nutrient</span>, <span>but is considered an important (not essential) trace element. T</span>opical fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay<span>&nbsp;(There is absolutely NO debate about this)</span> and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:58:08DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 52: </td> <td> Line 52: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fact: Contaminants are pervasive in chemicals, but the contaminants found in the chemicals used for water fluoridation are controlled and regulated for volume and amount, so as not to be <span>harmful</span>. The United States Environmental Protection Agency regulates the maximum permissible level of contaminants in drinking water. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fact: Contaminants are pervasive in chemicals, but the contaminants found in the chemicals used for water fluoridation are controlled and regulated for volume and amount, so as not to be <span>deemed harmful by the EPA</span>. The United States Environmental Protection Agency regulates the maximum permissible level of contaminants in drinking water. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:57:11DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 78: </td> <td> Line 78: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Out of fear and ignorance, several small but highly vocal groups were formed for the sole purpose of fighting fluoridation. Most of these organizations, however, lack sufficient resources or expertise to have much impact outside of the individual communities where they are based. Many people consider fluoridation mass medication and are opposed to this idea.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ Some people claim people oppose fluoridation out of fear and ignorance, several small but highly vocal groups were formed for the sole purpose of fighting fluoridation. Most of these organizations, however, lack sufficient resources or expertise to have much impact outside of the individual communities where they are based. Many people consider fluoridation mass medication and are opposed to this idea. Other people believe that there are negative health effects from fluoride that outweigh the dental benefits.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:53:04DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 64: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''''Fluoride acts via 3 methods, all of these methods are achieved with topicl fluoride:''' </td> <td> <span>+</span> '''''Fluoride acts via 3 methods, all of these methods are achieved with topic<span>a</span>l fluoride:''' </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:52:44DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 64: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''''Fluoride acts via 3 methods:''' </td> <td> <span>+</span> '''''Fluoride acts via 3 methods<span>, all of these methods are achieved with topicl fluoride</span>:''' </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:51:38DagonJones <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 64: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''Fluoride acts via 3 methods:''' </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>''</span>'''Fluoride acts via 3 methods:''' </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 67: </td> <td> Line 67: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''3. ''' Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme'' Enolase.'' Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar. </td> <td> <span>+</span> '''3. ''' Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme'' Enolase.'' Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar.<span>&nbsp;--["Users/DagonJones"]''</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:50:55DagonJones <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ Most of the information on this page is taken from the Sacramento District Dental Society website.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:49:54DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 124: </td> <td> Line 124: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not required for healthy teeth. However, topical fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. --["Users/DagonJones"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not required for healthy teeth. However, topical fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. <span>&nbsp;The benefits of fluoridation are primarily a public health measure, it primarily helps children who might otherwise recieve poor oral health care. </span>--["Users/DagonJones"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:47:49DagonJonesComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 123: </td> <td> Line 123: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2010-02-26 09:47:49'' [[nbsp]] It is correct that fluoride does not need to be ingested to get its benefits, also it is not required for healthy teeth. However, topical fluoride DOES reduce tooth decay and ingesting fluoride provides fluoride ions for secretion into saliva to for it to work its topical effects. To see how fluoride works, see the above FAQ. --["Users/DagonJones"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 10:40:55DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 77: </td> <td> Line 77: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Out of fear and ignorance, several small but highly vocal groups were formed for the sole purpose of fighting fluoridation. Most of these organizations, however, lack sufficient resources or expertise to have much impact outside of the individual communities where they are based. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Out of fear and ignorance, several small but highly vocal groups were formed for the sole purpose of fighting fluoridation. Most of these organizations, however, lack sufficient resources or expertise to have much impact outside of the individual communities where they are based.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;Many people consider fluoridation mass medication and are opposed to this idea.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-26 07:12:12nyscofComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 117: </td> <td> Line 117: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2010-02-26 06:12:12'' [[nbsp]] Fluoride is neither a nutrient nor required for healthy teeth. Ingesting fluoride does not reduce tooth decay; but does expose entire populations to fluoride's adverse health effects.<br> + <br> + An expert panel convened by the National Research Council, at the behest of the Environmental Protection Agency, reviewed recent scientific evidence concerning fluoride's toxicity and reveals that fluoride, even at the low levels added to water supplies, can cause damage to bones, thyroid, teeth and can be harmful to kidney patients, babies and high water drinkers. The NRC panel said that the maximum contaminant level goal of fluoride in public water supplies is too high to be protective of health and must be lowered.<br> + <br> + At least three NRC panel members recommend that the MCLG of fluoride be as close to zero as possible --["Users/nyscof"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 11:46:01DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 71: </td> <td> Line 71: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- All water contains some fluoride naturally. Water fluoridation is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health. In the United States, the optimum concentration for fluoride in the water has been established in the range of 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ All water contains some fluoride naturally. Water fluoridation is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health. In the United States, the optimum concentration for fluoride in the water has been established in the range of 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million (ppm).</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 11:41:14EdWinslinks <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay and builds healthy teeth. Just as Vitamin C prevents scurvy, fluoride helps prevent <span>dental disease</span>.<br> <span>-</span> Davis<span>&nbsp;Tap water</span> is NOT supplemented with fluoride. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis tap water are about 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level. Sacramento<span>&nbsp;and </span>Roseville<span>&nbsp;supplement the</span> municipal water<span>&nbsp;supplies to optimal fluoride levels.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay and builds healthy teeth. Just as Vitamin C prevents scurvy, fluoride helps prevent <span>["dentists" dental disease]</span>.<br> <span>+ ["Water"] in</span> Davis is NOT supplemented with fluoride. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis <span>["</span>tap water<span>"]</span> are about 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level. <span>["</span>Sacramento<span>"] and ["</span>Roseville<span>"] supplement the ["Davis Water Wells"</span> municipal water<span>] supplies to optimal fluoride levels.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 11:30:06DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay and builds healthy teeth. Just as Vitamin C prevents scurvy, fluoride helps prevent<span>s</span> dental disease. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay and builds healthy teeth. Just as Vitamin C prevents scurvy, fluoride helps prevent dental disease. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:55:34hankimComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 115: </td> <td> Line 115: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2010-02-25 09:55:34'' [[nbsp]] [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-aeSAsrsew#t=5m38s "Topically-applied fluoride doesn't prevent tooth decay. It does render teeth detectable by spy satellites."] --["Users/hankim"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:51:54EdWinsminor <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay and builds healthy teeth. Just as Vitamin C prevents scurvy, fluoride prevents dental disease. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay and builds healthy teeth. Just as Vitamin C prevents scurvy, fluoride <span>helps </span>prevents dental disease. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:49:58hankim+comments. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 113: </td> <td> Line 113: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + [[Comments]]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:36:21DagonJones <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 35: </td> <td> Line 35: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Myth: Fluoridation causes a decrease in bone health. </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>Myth: Fluoridation causes a decrease in bone health.<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 40: </td> <td> Line 40: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Myth: In communities where fluoride is added to the drinking water there is an increase in cancer rates. </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>Myth: In communities where fluoride is added to the drinking water there is an increase in cancer rates.<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 45: </td> <td> Line 45: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Myth: Fluoride is a poison. </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>Myth: Fluoride is a poison.<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 49: </td> <td> Line 49: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> <br> <span>-</span> Myth: There are harmful contaminants in the fluorides used for<span><br> -</span> water fluoridation. </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span><br> <span>+</span> Myth: There are harmful<span>&nbsp;levels of</span> contaminants in the fluorides used for water fluoridation.<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:34:58DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 2: </td> <td> Line 2: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis Tap water is <span>not</span> supplemented with fluoride. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis tap water are about 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level. Sacramento and Roseville supplement the municipal water supplies to optimal fluoride levels. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Davis Tap water is <span>NOT</span> supplemented with fluoride. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis tap water are about 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level. Sacramento and Roseville supplement the municipal water supplies to optimal fluoride levels. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:34:01DagonJones <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 63: </td> <td> Line 63: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span>Fluoride acts via 3 methods:<br> <span>- </span>1. Fluoride replaces the hydroxide ion in the tooth enamel. Tooth enamel is made of hydroxyapatite, replacing the hydroxide ion with fluoride ion results in a stronger bond between the ions. The tooth structure is therefore, more resistant to acid demineralization.<br> <span>- </span>2. Fluoride helps to rebuild enamel by sequestering calcium and phosphate ions from saliva. The fluoride ion binds to the enamel rods and facilitates the natural remineralization process (repairing of demineralized enamel from acid attack) that naturally occurs in saliva.<br> <span>- </span>3. Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme Enolase. Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar. </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + '''</span>Fluoride acts via 3 methods:<span>'''</span><br> <span>+ '''</span>1. <span>'''</span> Fluoride replaces the hydroxide ion in the tooth enamel. Tooth enamel is made of hydroxyapatite, replacing the hydroxide ion with fluoride ion results in a stronger bond between the ions. The tooth structure is therefore, more resistant to acid demineralization.<br> <span>+ '''</span>2.<span>'''</span> Fluoride helps to rebuild enamel by sequestering calcium and phosphate ions from saliva. The fluoride ion binds to the enamel rods and facilitates the natural remineralization process (repairing of demineralized enamel from acid attack) that naturally occurs in saliva.<br> <span>+ '''</span>3. <span>'''</span> Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme<span>''</span> Enolase.<span>''</span> Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:32:17DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 56: </td> <td> Line 56: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> = FAQ <span>About Fluoride</span>= </td> <td> <span>+</span> = FAQ = </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:31:54DagonJones(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 2: </td> <td> Line 2: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis Tap water is not supplemented with fluoride. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis tap water are abou<span>r</span> 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level. Sacramento and Roseville supplement the municipal water supplies to optimal fluoride levels. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Davis Tap water is not supplemented with fluoride. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis tap water are abou<span>t</span> 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level. Sacramento and Roseville supplement the municipal water supplies to optimal fluoride levels. </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:31:07DagonJonesadding some molecular details <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 63: </td> <td> Line 63: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ Fluoride acts via 3 methods:<br> + 1. Fluoride replaces the hydroxide ion in the tooth enamel. Tooth enamel is made of hydroxyapatite, replacing the hydroxide ion with fluoride ion results in a stronger bond between the ions. The tooth structure is therefore, more resistant to acid demineralization.<br> + 2. Fluoride helps to rebuild enamel by sequestering calcium and phosphate ions from saliva. The fluoride ion binds to the enamel rods and facilitates the natural remineralization process (repairing of demineralized enamel from acid attack) that naturally occurs in saliva.<br> + 3. Fluoride interferes with the bacterial enzyme Enolase. Fluoride interferes with cavity causing bacterial pathways, therefore disrupting the bacteria's ability to metabolize sugar.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:23:35DagonJonesbolding and editing <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 8: </td> <td> Line 8: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 9: </td> <td> Line 10: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 10: </td> <td> Line 12: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 11: </td> <td> Line 14: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The cost of fluoridation for a lifetime of protection is approximately<span><br> -</span> $50 - less than the cost to fill just one cavity. </td> <td> <span>+ <br> +</span> The cost of fluoridation for a lifetime of protection is approximately $50 - less than the cost to fill just one cavity.<span><br> + </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 14: </td> <td> Line 18: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 15: </td> <td> Line 20: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> More than 50 percent of today’s first-graders are cavity-free<span><br> -</span> due to fluoridation. </td> <td> <span>+ <br> +</span> More than 50 percent of today’s first-graders are cavity-free due to fluoridation.<span><br> + </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 18: </td> <td> Line 24: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 19: </td> <td> Line 26: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 20: </td> <td> Line 28: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 50: </td> <td> Line 59: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> What is fluoride and how does it reduce tooth decay? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>What is fluoride and how does it reduce tooth decay?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 56: </td> <td> Line 65: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> <br> <span>-</span> What is water fluoridation? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span><br> <span>+</span> What is water fluoridation?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 62: </td> <td> Line 71: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Why have some individuals and groups objected to<br> <span>-</span> water fluoridation? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>Why have some individuals and groups objected to<br> <span>+</span> water fluoridation?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 68: </td> <td> Line 77: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Aren’t there other effective alternatives to community<br> <span>-</span> water fluoridation? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>Aren’t there other effective alternatives to community<br> <span>+</span> water fluoridation?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 74: </td> <td> Line 83: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Is tooth decay still a serious problem? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>Is tooth decay still a serious problem?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 80: </td> <td> Line 89: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> <br> <span>-</span> Do adults benefit from fluoridation? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span><br> <span>+</span> Do adults benefit from fluoridation?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 88: </td> <td> Line 97: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Is bottled water fluoridated? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>Is bottled water fluoridated?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 93: </td> <td> Line 102: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> I have a Brita filter - is it removing the fluoride from my water? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span>I have a Brita filter - is it removing the fluoride from my water?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 97: </td> <td> Line 106: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> <br> <span>-</span> Does my child need a fluoride prescription? </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>'''</span><br> <span>+</span> Does my child need a fluoride prescription?<span>'''</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:21:35DagonJonesadding toc <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ [[tableofcontents]]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:21:11DagonJones <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 23: </td> <td> Line 22: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------</span> </td> <td> <span>+ = Myths about Fluoride=</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 47: </td> <td> Line 46: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------</span> </td> <td> <span>+ = FAQ About Fluoride=</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 88: </td> <td> Line 87: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Is my tap water fluoridated?<br> - Check the map of fluoridation in the Sacramento metro area for a general idea. For more specific information, contact your local water purveyor (map of purveryor area and contact info can be found here.)<br> - <br> - <br> - </span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 104: </td> <td> Line 98: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- If your tap water is not fluoridated (see above to find out if that's the case), check with your child's dentist for his/her recommendation regarding a fluoride prescription.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ Because Davis municipal water does not contain optimal fluoride, fluoride supplements are recommended for optimal dental health. Check with your child's dentist for his/her recommendation regarding a fluoride prescription.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> Water Fluoridationhttp://daviswiki.org/Water_Fluoridation2010-02-25 10:18:29DagonJonescreating page, most info from Sacramento District Dental Society (SDDS) website <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for Water Fluoridation<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + Fluoride is a safe, naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay and builds healthy teeth. Just as Vitamin C prevents scurvy, fluoride prevents dental disease.<br> + Davis Tap water is not supplemented with fluoride. The natural levels of fluoride in Davis tap water are abour 0.2 ppm, which is 1/5 the optimal level. Sacramento and Roseville supplement the municipal water supplies to optimal fluoride levels.<br> + <br> + <br> + = Facts About Fluoride=<br> + Fluoridation is the single most effective public health measure to prevent tooth decay and to improve oral health over a lifetime.<br> + More than 60 years of scientific research has found that people living in communities with fluoridated water have healthier teeth and significantly fewer cavities than people living where the water is not fluoridated.<br> + Today, more than 162 million people in the United States drink fluoridated water – 66 percent of the U.S. population. In California, only 29 percent of the cities with public water supplies fluoridate.<br> + Studies comparing the decay experience of people living in fluoridated versus fluoride-deficient areas demonstrate that adult who consume fluoridated water have a lower prevalence of dental decay.<br> + The cost of fluoridation for a lifetime of protection is approximately<br> + $50 - less than the cost to fill just one cavity.<br> + The California Dental Association has estimated that every dollar invested in fluoridation saves about $140 in dental bills.<br> + DentiCal costs California taxpayers approximately $700 million every year, a significant part of which paid for treatments that could easily have been prevented with fluoridation.<br> + More than 50 percent of today’s first-graders are cavity-free<br> + due to fluoridation.<br> + In adults, fluoride can reduce cavities by up to 40 percent, while strengthening tooth enamel and preventing root and gum disease – helping adults keep their teeth for a lifetime.<br> + The American Medical Association, American Dental Association, the Centers for Disease Control, the National Institutes of Health, and the World Health Organization are among a myriad of major state, national and international health service organizations that strongly endorse the use of fluoridated water.<br> + All water contains some fluoride naturally, but community water fluoridation, which has been safely consumed by the public for over 60 years, is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health.<br> + Fluoride is a mineral naturally occurring in almost all food and water supplies and comes from the element fluorine, the 13th most abundant element in the earth's crust.<br> + <br> + <br> + --------------------------------------------------------------------------------<br> + <br> + <br> + Myth: Fluoridation causes a decrease in bone health.<br> + Fact: Current research indicates that when used consistently in appropriate doses fluoride stimulates the formation of bone, increases bone formation earlier, and increases spinal bone density. Research studies also show that fluoride may help rebuild bone loss in post-menopausal women suffering from osteoporosis.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Myth: In communities where fluoride is added to the drinking water there is an increase in cancer rates.<br> + Fact: More than fifty studies have evaluated the possibility of an association between fluoride and cancer and found no relationship between community water fluoridation and cancer. Several independent expert panels of epidemiologists have reviewed the relevant scientific literature and agree that there is NO credible evidence for an association between either naturally occurring fluoride or adjusted fluoride in drinking water and risk of cancer in humans.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Myth: Fluoride is a poison.<br> + Fact: Fluoride is NOT a poison at the concentrations found in optimally fluoridated water. Like minerals such as zinc and iron, fluoride is classified by the National Research Council as an important trace element in human nutrition. Everything is a poison in the right concentration. With optimally fluoridated water an average adult would have to drink 660 gallons in 2-4 hours for it to be considered a poison.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Myth: There are harmful contaminants in the fluorides used for<br> + water fluoridation.<br> + Fact: Contaminants are pervasive in chemicals, but the contaminants found in the chemicals used for water fluoridation are controlled and regulated for volume and amount, so as not to be harmful. The United States Environmental Protection Agency regulates the maximum permissible level of contaminants in drinking water.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + --------------------------------------------------------------------------------<br> + <br> + <br> + What is fluoride and how does it reduce tooth decay?<br> + Fluoride is a naturally occurring element that prevents tooth decay when ingested systemically or applied to teeth topically.<br> + The fluoride ion comes from the element fluorine. Fluorine, the 13th most abundant element in the earth's crust, is never encountered in its free state in nature. It exists only in combination with other elements as a fluoride compound. It is found in this form as a constituent of minerals in rocks and soil everywhere. Water passes over rock formations containing fluoride and dissolves these compounds, creating fluoride ions. The result is that small amounts of soluble fluoride ions are present in all water sources, including the oceans. Fluoride is present to some extent in all foods and beverages, in various concentrations.<br> + Studies comparing the decay experience of people living in fluoridated versus fluoride-deficient areas demonstrate that adults who consume fluoridated water have a lower prevalence of dental decay.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + What is water fluoridation?<br> + All water contains some fluoride naturally. Water fluoridation is the process of adjusting the fluoride content of fluoride-deficient water to the recommended level for optimal dental health. In the United States, the optimum concentration for fluoride in the water has been established in the range of 0.7 to 1.2 parts per million.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Why have some individuals and groups objected to<br> + water fluoridation?<br> + Out of fear and ignorance, several small but highly vocal groups were formed for the sole purpose of fighting fluoridation. Most of these organizations, however, lack sufficient resources or expertise to have much impact outside of the individual communities where they are based.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Aren’t there other effective alternatives to community<br> + water fluoridation?<br> + Some people believe that there are effective alternatives to community water fluoridation. However, the fact is that while other community-based methods of systematic and topical fluoride delivery (e.g., school-based fluoride mouth rinse or table programs) have been developed, none is as effective as community water fluoridation and none is free from financial constraints or other drawbacks. Alternatives to community water fluoridation remain useful only for populations significantly isolated from public water systems (e.g., those on private wells).<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Is tooth decay still a serious problem?<br> + Yes. Dental caries (tooth decay) continues to be a significant oral health problem which is preventable through a combination of measures.<br> + Tooth decay is, by far, the most prevalent and costly of oral health problems among all age groups.<br> + It is also the principle cause of tooth loss from early childhood through middle age, when tooth loss from periodontal disease is a major concern. However, caries continues to be problematic for middle-aged and older adults, particularly root caries. In addition to its effects in the mouth, dental caries may affect general well-being by interfering with an individual's ability to eat certain foods and by impacting an individual's emotional and social well-being by causing pain and discomfort. Tooth decay, particularly in the front teeth, also can effect an individual's self-esteem by detracting from their appearance.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Do adults benefit from fluoridation?<br> + Yes. Research has shown that the caries preventive effects of fluoride are not limited to children. Adults obtain substantial benefits as well.<br> + Fluoride has both a systemic and topical effect and is beneficial to adults in two ways. The first is through the remineralization process, in which beginning carious lesions in the enamel fail to enlarge or may even reverse because of frequent exposure to small amounts of fluoride. The other protective benefit is in the prevention of root caries, a progressive lesion of the root surface, affecting adults with gingival recession.<br> + In addition to the direct benefits of successfully fighting tooth decay, water fluoridation has several indirect advantages to adults as well. These include reductions in pain from dental infections, fewer missing teeth, fewer abscessed teeth, reduced need for dentures, fewer cases of misaligned teeth caused by early tooth loss, and fewer school and working days lost due to dental disorders or visits to the dentist.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Is my tap water fluoridated?<br> + Check the map of fluoridation in the Sacramento metro area for a general idea. For more specific information, contact your local water purveyor (map of purveryor area and contact info can be found here.)<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Is bottled water fluoridated?<br> + Bottled water does not contain fluoride unless it says so on the label. It is available but most supermarkets and convenience stores don't carry the small water bottles with fluoride. It is easier to get fluoridated bottled water (5 gallon) through water delivery companies like Arrowhead.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + I have a Brita filter - is it removing the fluoride from my water?<br> + Brita does not remove fluoride from the water. The only systems that do filter out fluoride use reverse osmosis.<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + Does my child need a fluoride prescription?<br> + If your tap water is not fluoridated (see above to find out if that's the case), check with your child's dentist for his/her recommendation regarding a fluoride prescription.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div>