Recent Changes for "West Nile Virus" - Davis Wikihttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_VirusRecent Changes of the page "West Nile Virus" on Davis Wiki.en-us West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2009-01-19 23:10:46JoePomidor <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 29: </td> <td> Line 29: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]On 2006-07-27, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to [http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php 4 out of a possible 5], triggering the spraying of pesticides. On 2006-07-29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitoes in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitoes to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday 2006-08-01 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> <td> <span>+</span> [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]On 2006-07-27, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to [http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php 4 out of a possible 5], triggering the spraying of pesticides. On 2006-07-29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitoes in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitoes to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neig<span>h</span>borhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday 2006-08-01 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2009-01-19 22:56:52DougWalter(quick edit) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 69: </td> <td> Line 69: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT <span>101</span>.<span>5</span>] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station was under reconstruction on that day and no live shows aired. </td> <td> <span>+</span> You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT <span>95</span>.<span>7</span>] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station was under reconstruction on that day and no live shows aired. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2008-09-28 15:48:46JasonAllerlink fix <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 59: </td> <td> Line 59: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers will want to protect their ["Honeybees" bees]. (If you see ["Feral Bees" feral colonies] of bees marked with 3x5 cards, that is because a ["KarlMogel" local bee fanatic] is surveying the effects of the spraying on their colonies.) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.) </td> <td> <span>+</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers will want to protect their ["Honeybees" bees]. (If you see ["Feral Bees" feral colonies] of bees marked with 3x5 cards, that is because a ["<span>Users/</span>KarlMogel" local bee fanatic] is surveying the effects of the spraying on their colonies.) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.) </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2008-08-15 19:20:13JasonAllerlink fixes <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 73: </td> <td> Line 73: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> On Thursday (2006-08-10), ["KarlMogel" Karl Mogel] interviewed several people involved in the mosquito spraying issue during his show, The Inoculated Mind. Guests include Rick Roush, the head of the Statewide [http://ipm.ucdavis.edu Integrated Pest Management] program, Jim Northup from [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ Stop West Nile Spraying Now], and Sharon Lawler, an entomologist who is part of the research effort put together to study the effects of the mosquito spraying. There may also be a representative from the California Department of Health Services. Some of the issues that will be discussed include the scientific certainties/uncertainties surrounding the spraying issue, where do we put our threshold for action, discussion of the ethical issues raised by spraying versus not spraying, and discussion of some of the results from the studies conducted by UC Davis researchers during the spray treatments. Finally, Karl will reveal the data he collected from his own study of the effect of the spray on the ["Honeybees" bees]. The show begins at 6:00pm, and the interviews begin at 6:30pm after the news, with the show ending at 7:30pm. The number to call in is 530-792-1648, and the frequency is 101.5 FM. The show was replayed on Sunday 2006-08-13) from 9-10:30pm. </td> <td> <span>+</span> On Thursday (2006-08-10), ["<span>Users/</span>KarlMogel" Karl Mogel] interviewed several people involved in the mosquito spraying issue during his show, The Inoculated Mind. Guests include Rick Roush, the head of the Statewide [http://ipm.ucdavis.edu Integrated Pest Management] program, Jim Northup from [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ Stop West Nile Spraying Now], and Sharon Lawler, an entomologist who is part of the research effort put together to study the effects of the mosquito spraying. There may also be a representative from the California Department of Health Services. Some of the issues that will be discussed include the scientific certainties/uncertainties surrounding the spraying issue, where do we put our threshold for action, discussion of the ethical issues raised by spraying versus not spraying, and discussion of some of the results from the studies conducted by UC Davis researchers during the spray treatments. Finally, Karl will reveal the data he collected from his own study of the effect of the spray on the ["Honeybees" bees]. The show begins at 6:00pm, and the interviews begin at 6:30pm after the news, with the show ending at 7:30pm. The number to call in is 530-792-1648, and the frequency is 101.5 FM. The show was replayed on Sunday 2006-08-13) from 9-10:30pm. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 79: </td> <td> Line 79: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-08 22:25:16'' [[nbsp]] I have the perfect location for photographing the plane, if anyone wants to join me tomorrow. Clear, dark, and during an organic-farm evasion maneuver. --["KarlMogel"] </td> <td> <span>+ <br> +</span> ''2006-08-08 22:25:16'' [[nbsp]] I have the perfect location for photographing the plane, if anyone wants to join me tomorrow. Clear, dark, and during an organic-farm evasion maneuver. --["<span>Users/</span>KarlMogel"] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 81: </td> <td> Line 82: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-09 08:42:55'' [[nbsp]] I spent my 2006-08-08 evening trying to carefully note the pre-spray fauna, smells, and such. I left a white piece of paper, face up to the sky out last night. This morning, 2006-08-09 (post-spray), it is covered with light-gray spots. The air has the smell of burnt plastic, and I do not hear any insects buzzing at all. Haven't seen any dead ones yet, though. --["SteveDavison"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-09 08:42:55'' [[nbsp]] I spent my 2006-08-08 evening trying to carefully note the pre-spray fauna, smells, and such. I left a white piece of paper, face up to the sky out last night. This morning, 2006-08-09 (post-spray), it is covered with light-gray spots. The air has the smell of burnt plastic, and I do not hear any insects buzzing at all. Haven't seen any dead ones yet, though. --["<span>Users/</span>SteveDavison"] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 83: </td> <td> Line 84: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-09 16:56:24'' [[nbsp]] Preliminary results of my bee study and the UC Davis studies on mosquitoes, spiders, and dragonflies came out pretty good for the bees, flawless for the spiders and dragonflies, and devastating for the mosquitoes. I'll know more about it all tomorrow, and I'll post news about my show on this and other pages. --["KarlMogel"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-09 16:56:24'' [[nbsp]] Preliminary results of my bee study and the UC Davis studies on mosquitoes, spiders, and dragonflies came out pretty good for the bees, flawless for the spiders and dragonflies, and devastating for the mosquitoes. I'll know more about it all tomorrow, and I'll post news about my show on this and other pages. --["<span>Users/</span>KarlMogel"] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 85: </td> <td> Line 86: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-10 07:17:14'' [[nbsp]] You know, I happily spray my mice fairly often with pyrethrins, and have been handling it for years now. It's also in pretty high amounts in horse shampoo. Just to add a bit of perspective. --["JabberWokky"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-10 07:17:14'' [[nbsp]] You know, I happily spray my mice fairly often with pyrethrins, and have been handling it for years now. It's also in pretty high amounts in horse shampoo. Just to add a bit of perspective. --["<span>Users/</span>JabberWokky"] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 87: </td> <td> Line 88: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-10 07:19:05'' [[nbsp]] Incidently, if you want to get some, walk into ["PetCo"], as they have shelves of the stuff... with applicators for just about any animal. They are especially good for animals that are highly sensitive to chemicals, like birds. --["JabberWokky"]<br> <span>-</span> * You could also get a head-lice treatment that will give you a much higher dosage of the same stuff. So the risks are pretty low compared to what else we expose ourselves to (You're personal exposure from a can of Raid might even be higher), however, I find the argument interesting that one does not have the right to spray an unwilling person. Then again, at the same time I find compelling the argument that one can't force the non-action against WNV-infected mosquitoes on people who are susceptible to the virus either. In any case, what I think most people can agree on is that more intensive preventative action might avert future sprays in the years to come. I think the goal of Stop West Nile Spraying Now should go in this direction. -["KarlMogel"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-10 07:19:05'' [[nbsp]] Incidently, if you want to get some, walk into ["PetCo"], as they have shelves of the stuff... with applicators for just about any animal. They are especially good for animals that are highly sensitive to chemicals, like birds. --["<span>Users/</span>JabberWokky"]<br> <span>+</span> * You could also get a head-lice treatment that will give you a much higher dosage of the same stuff. So the risks are pretty low compared to what else we expose ourselves to (You're personal exposure from a can of Raid might even be higher), however, I find the argument interesting that one does not have the right to spray an unwilling person. Then again, at the same time I find compelling the argument that one can't force the non-action against WNV-infected mosquitoes on people who are susceptible to the virus either. In any case, what I think most people can agree on is that more intensive preventative action might avert future sprays in the years to come. I think the goal of Stop West Nile Spraying Now should go in this direction. -["<span>Users/</span>KarlMogel"] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 94: </td> <td> Line 95: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> --["<span>Users/</span>AndrewLeonard"] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 96: </td> <td> Line 97: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2007-3-29 15:14:37'' [[nbsp]] I found a dead crow on the perimeter of the ["University Mall"] parking lot, a few days ago. I notified WNV authorities through the proper [http://westnile.ca.gov/ site], but they rely on civilian description to determine whether or not specimens are eligible for testing. Not the most reliable way of monitoring an infectious disease, if you ask me. --["LeonardMarque"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2007-3-29 15:14:37'' [[nbsp]] I found a dead crow on the perimeter of the ["University Mall"] parking lot, a few days ago. I notified WNV authorities through the proper [http://westnile.ca.gov/ site], but they rely on civilian description to determine whether or not specimens are eligible for testing. Not the most reliable way of monitoring an infectious disease, if you ask me. --["<span>Users/</span>LeonardMarque"] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 98: </td> <td> Line 99: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2007-03-30 13:09:29'' [[nbsp]] Looks like the WNV season has begun, as I also found a dead crow today, on Villanova near Sycamore. It's creepy to see a whole, untouched animal just lying on the ground. It clearly had not been hit by a car, but had just fallen out of a tree. I, too, contacted the DHS site. Time to start putting on bug spray. --["DanLawyer"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2007-03-30 13:09:29'' [[nbsp]] Looks like the WNV season has begun, as I also found a dead crow today, on Villanova near Sycamore. It's creepy to see a whole, untouched animal just lying on the ground. It clearly had not been hit by a car, but had just fallen out of a tree. I, too, contacted the DHS site. Time to start putting on bug spray. --["<span>Users/</span>DanLawyer"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2007-03-30 13:09:29DanLawyerComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 97: </td> <td> Line 97: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2007-03-30 13:09:29'' [[nbsp]] Looks like the WNV season has begun, as I also found a dead crow today, on Villanova near Sycamore. It's creepy to see a whole, untouched animal just lying on the ground. It clearly had not been hit by a car, but had just fallen out of a tree. I, too, contacted the DHS site. Time to start putting on bug spray. --["DanLawyer"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2007-03-29 15:20:47LeonardMarque <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 95: </td> <td> Line 95: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ -----<br> + ''2007-3-29 15:14:37'' [[nbsp]] I found a dead crow on the perimeter of the ["University Mall"] parking lot, a few days ago. I notified WNV authorities through the proper [http://westnile.ca.gov/ site], but they rely on civilian description to determine whether or not specimens are eligible for testing. Not the most reliable way of monitoring an infectious disease, if you ask me. --["LeonardMarque"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-31 14:50:53AndrewLeonard <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 90: </td> <td> Line 90: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We<span>'ve contacted the Sacramento-Yolo Vector Control and Mosquito Abatement districts several times now and they have yet to really show interest in our services. We</span> do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a helicopter and ground crew. Stagnant water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquitoes (or any mosquitoes for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but we're waiting for a response or explanation. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing and treatment for specific problem areas identified by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions. </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a helicopter and ground crew. Stagnant water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquitoes (or any mosquitoes for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but we're waiting for a response or explanation. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing and treatment for specific problem areas identified by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-29 14:58:43AndrewLeonard <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 92: </td> <td> Line 92: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Additionally, we were featured by ABC news for our survey of the most affected part of Santa Clara county. I was in the plane if you watch the video. :) --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> Additionally, we were featured by ABC news for our survey of the most affected part of Santa Clara county. I was in the plane if you watch the video. :)<span><br> + http://abclocal.go.com/kgo/story?section=local&amp;id=4387596<br> + </span> --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-29 14:57:27AndrewLeonard <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 90: </td> <td> Line 90: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We've contacted the Sacramento-Yolo Vector Control and Mosquito Abatement districts several times now and they have yet to really show interest in our services. We do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a helicopter and ground crew. Stagnant water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquitoes (or any mosquitoes for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but we're waiting for a response or explanation. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing and treatment for specific problem areas identified by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions.<span>&nbsp;</span> --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We've contacted the Sacramento-Yolo Vector Control and Mosquito Abatement districts several times now and they have yet to really show interest in our services. We do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a helicopter and ground crew. Stagnant water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquitoes (or any mosquitoes for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but we're waiting for a response or explanation. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing and treatment for specific problem areas identified by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions.<span><br> + <br> + Additionally, we were featured by ABC news for our survey of the most affected part of Santa Clara county. I was in the plane if you watch the video. :)</span> --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-29 14:46:33AndrewLeonard <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 90: </td> <td> Line 90: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We've contacted the Sacramento-Yolo Vector Control and Mosquito Abatement districts several times now and they have yet to really show interest in our services. We do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a helicopter and ground crew. Stagnant water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquitoes (or any mosquitoes for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but <span>they seem to not care</span>. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing for specific problem areas <span>pinpoint</span>ed by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions. --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We've contacted the Sacramento-Yolo Vector Control and Mosquito Abatement districts several times now and they have yet to really show interest in our services. We do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a helicopter and ground crew. Stagnant water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquitoes (or any mosquitoes for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but <span>we're waiting for a response or explanation</span>. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing <span>and treatment </span>for specific problem areas <span>identifi</span>ed by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions. --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-29 14:45:30AndrewLeonard <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 90: </td> <td> Line 90: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We've contacted the Sacramento-Yolo Vector Control and Mosquito Abatement districts several times now and they have yet to really show interest in our services. We do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a hel<span>o</span>copter and ground crew. Stagn<span>e</span>nt water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquitos (or any mosquitos for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but they seem to not care. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing for specific problem areas pinpointed by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions. --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We've contacted the Sacramento-Yolo Vector Control and Mosquito Abatement districts several times now and they have yet to really show interest in our services. We do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a hel<span>i</span>copter and ground crew. Stagn<span>a</span>nt water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquito<span>e</span>s (or any mosquito<span>e</span>s for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but they seem to not care. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing for specific problem areas pinpointed by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions.<span>&nbsp;</span> --["AndrewLeonard"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-29 14:44:22AndrewLeonardComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 89: </td> <td> Line 89: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2006-08-29 14:44:22'' [[nbsp]] This summer, I've been working for a company in Livermore called Aerial Services. We've surveyed a ton of counties in the bay area, looking for clouded or green pools. We then photograph them and send the information to the respective vector control districts. We've contacted the Sacramento-Yolo Vector Control and Mosquito Abatement districts several times now and they have yet to really show interest in our services. We do it for relatively cheap compared to some counties' methods of hiring a helocopter and ground crew. Stagnent water is a great place for disease-carrying mosquitos (or any mosquitos for that matter) to breed. We're trying to get sac/yolo to hear us out but they seem to not care. What would you rather have? Blanket spraying for places that may or may not be affected, or localized testing for specific problem areas pinpointed by aerial photos? Send me an email if you have any questions. --["AndrewLeonard"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-17 21:53:54ErikAndersonWNV Statistics Update <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitoes along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On 2005-08-18, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. </td> <td> <span>+</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitoes along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On 2005-08-18, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;As of August 2006, the confirmed human infection rate is twelve persons in Yolo County, seven of whom are from Davis and five of whom are from ["Woodland"]. Nine are male, three are female.<br> + <br> + For the year 2006 (through mid-August) there have been 50 cases statewide, and one [http://www.chicoer.com/breakingnews/ci_4197011 recent death] in Butte County. Nationwide there have been 388 cases, and 13 deaths.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-17 10:11:20SteveDavisonEditing tweaks <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> [[Image(birdmap.jpg, "Dead birds found infected with WNV by county. More maps available at [http://westnilemaps.usgs.gov/ USGS].", 400, right, thumbnail)]]'''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitoes"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report unusual sightings of dead birds since the earliest cases were seen in 1999; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease reporting of these sightings. </td> <td> <span>+</span> [[Image(birdmap.jpg, "Dead birds found infected with WNV by county. More maps available at [http://westnilemaps.usgs.gov/ USGS].", 400, right, thumbnail)]]'''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the U<span>.</span>S<span>.</span> since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitoes"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] <span>(CDC) </span>and local officials have asked citizens to report unusual sightings of dead birds since the earliest cases were seen in 1999; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease reporting of these sightings. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitoes along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On <span>August 18, </span>2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["Honeybees" bees], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." <span>(''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') </span>Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net<span>/</span> website]. </td> <td> <span>+</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitoes along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On 2005<span>-08-18</span>, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County.<span><br> + <br> +</span> To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["Honeybees" bees], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net website].<span><br> + </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 9: </td> <td> Line 12: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ *[http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org Stop West Nile Spraying Now!]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 10: </td> <td> Line 14: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ *[http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5449a1.htm West Nile Virus activity in 2005]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 12: </td> <td> Line 17: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ *[http://ipm.ucdavis.edu UCD Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 21: </td> <td> Line 27: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]On <span>July </span>27<span>, 2006</span>, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to [http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php 4 out of a possible 5], triggering the spraying of pesticides. On <span>July </span>29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitoes in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitoes to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday 8<span>/</span>1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> <td> <span>+</span> [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]On <span>2006-07-</span>27, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to [http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php 4 out of a possible 5], triggering the spraying of pesticides. On <span>2006-07-</span>29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitoes in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitoes to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday <span>2006-0</span>8<span>-0</span>1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 23: </td> <td> Line 29: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The August 3 spraying was [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287358p-15107077c.html canceled] due to wind, so the spray dates were at first pushed to Friday and Saturday 8<span>/4 and 8/</span>5, however, the Davis Enterprise [http://www.davisenterprise.com/articles/2006/08/04/news/00canceled.txt reported] that spraying was canceled for that weekend. This gave the scientists scrambling to [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287359p-15107111c.html set up experiments] to study the effects of the spray on non-target insects more time to prepare. On the 3rd and 7th of August, the third and fourth cases of West Nile in Yolo County were [http://www.news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=7839 confirmed], both in Davis. </td> <td> <span>+</span> The August 3 spraying was [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287358p-15107077c.html canceled] due to wind, so the spray dates were at first pushed to Friday <span>2006-08-04 </span>and Saturday <span>2006-0</span>8<span>-0</span>5, however, the Davis Enterprise [http://www.davisenterprise.com/articles/2006/08/04/news/00canceled.txt reported] that spraying was canceled for that weekend. This gave the scientists scrambling to [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287359p-15107111c.html set up experiments] to study the effects of the spray on non-target insects more time to prepare. On the 3rd and 7th of August, the third and fourth cases of West Nile in Yolo County were [http://www.news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=7839 confirmed], both in Davis. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 25: </td> <td> Line 31: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> On Monday <span>8/</span>7, the situation was [http://www.news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=7839 re-evaluated] and the Vector Control District scheduled the sprays again for Tuesday and Wednesday <span>8/8 and 8/</span>9<span>.<br> - </span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> On Monday <span>(2006-08-0</span>7<span>)</span>, the situation was [http://www.news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=7839 re-evaluated] and the Vector Control District scheduled the sprays again for Tuesday <span>(2006-08-08) </span>and Wednesday <span>(2006-08-0</span>9<span>).</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 30: </td> <td> Line 35: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> [[Image(aerialsprayaction.jpg, "Fighting the Bite over South Davis, <span>8/8/</span>2006 8:47pm", 200, left, thumbnail)]] </td> <td> <span>+</span> [[Image(aerialsprayaction.jpg, "Fighting the Bite over South Davis, 2006<span>-08-08</span> 8:47pm", 200, left, thumbnail)]] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 69: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> However, there WILL be a show on ["KDRT" K-DiRT] specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday (2006-08-11), at 8:00 pm. At least one guest will be featured, entomologist Sharon Lawler, and there may also be representatives from the Sacramento/Yolo Vector Control District and Stop West Nile Spraying Now. You can book a specific time for talking by calling 530-757-2419 or emailing info@kdrt.org, but you may call in even if you don't. The call-in number is 530-792-1648. </td> <td> <span>+</span> However, there WILL be a show on ["KDRT" K-DiRT] specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday (2006-08-11), at 8:00 pm. At least one guest will be featured, entomologist Sharon Lawler, and there may also be representatives from the Sacramento/Yolo Vector Control District and Stop West Nile Spraying Now. You can book a specific time for talking by calling 530-757-2419 or emailing <span>[mailto:</span>info@kdrt.org<span>]</span>, but you may call in even if you don't. The call-in number is 530-792-1648. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 66: </td> <td> Line 71: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> -<span>&nbsp;On Thursday (</span>8<span>/</span>10), ["KarlMogel" Karl Mogel] <span>will be </span>interview<span>ing</span> several people involved in the mosquito spraying issue during his show, The Inoculated Mind. Guests include Rick Roush, the head of the Statewide [http://ipm.ucdavis.edu Integrated Pest Management] program, Jim Northup from [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ Stop West Nile Spraying Now], and Sharon Lawler, an entomologist who is part of the research effort put together to study the effects of the mosquito spraying. There may also be a representative from the California Department of Health Services. Some of the issues that will be discussed include the scientific certainties/uncertainties surrounding the spraying issue, where do we put our threshold for action, discussion of the ethical issues raised by spraying versus not spraying, and discussion of some of the results from the studies conducted by UC Davis researchers during the spray treatments. Finally, Karl will reveal the data he collected from his own study of the effect of the spray on the ["Honeybees" bees]. The show begins at 6:00<span>&nbsp;</span>pm, and the interviews begin at 6:30 after the news, with the show ending at 7:30. The number to call in is 530<span>.</span>792<span>.</span>1648, and the frequency is 101.5 FM. The show w<span>ill also replay</span> on Sunday 8<span>/</span>13) from 9-10:30<span>&nbsp;</span>pm. </td> <td> <span>+ On Thursday (2006</span>-<span>0</span>8<span>-</span>10), ["KarlMogel" Karl Mogel] interview<span>ed</span> several people involved in the mosquito spraying issue during his show, The Inoculated Mind. Guests include Rick Roush, the head of the Statewide [http://ipm.ucdavis.edu Integrated Pest Management] program, Jim Northup from [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ Stop West Nile Spraying Now], and Sharon Lawler, an entomologist who is part of the research effort put together to study the effects of the mosquito spraying. There may also be a representative from the California Department of Health Services. Some of the issues that will be discussed include the scientific certainties/uncertainties surrounding the spraying issue, where do we put our threshold for action, discussion of the ethical issues raised by spraying versus not spraying, and discussion of some of the results from the studies conducted by UC Davis researchers during the spray treatments. Finally, Karl will reveal the data he collected from his own study of the effect of the spray on the ["Honeybees" bees]. The show begins at 6:00pm, and the interviews begin at 6:30<span>pm</span> after the news, with the show ending at 7:30<span>pm</span>. The number to call in is 530<span>-</span>792<span>-</span>1648, and the frequency is 101.5 FM. The show w<span>as replayed</span> on Sunday <span>2006-0</span>8<span>-</span>13) from 9-10:30pm. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 72: </td> <td> Line 77: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- ------<br> - ------<br> - ''2006-08-08 20:57:08'' [[nbsp]] If I read your photo request 30 minutes ago I could have gotten lots of pictures; they've been buzzing overhead. --["SteveDavison"]<br> - ------<br> - ''2006-08-08 21:30:20'' [[nbsp]] Got-R-Done --["ErikAnderson"]<br> - ------</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-12 09:26:06JabberWokkySpoelling (mostly mosquitos) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> [[Image(birdmap.jpg, "Dead birds found infected with WNV by county. More maps available at [http://westnilemaps.usgs.gov/ USGS].", 400, right, thumbnail)]]'''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitos"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report unusual sightings of dead birds since the earliest cases were seen in 1999; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease reporting of these sightings. </td> <td> <span>+</span> [[Image(birdmap.jpg, "Dead birds found infected with WNV by county. More maps available at [http://westnilemaps.usgs.gov/ USGS].", 400, right, thumbnail)]]'''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquito<span>e</span>s"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report unusual sightings of dead birds since the earliest cases were seen in 1999; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease reporting of these sightings. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August 18, 2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["Honeybees" bees], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website]. </td> <td> <span>+</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquito<span>e</span>s along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August 18, 2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["Honeybees" bees], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website]. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 15: </td> <td> Line 15: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> On August 23rd, 2005, a open panel on the issue of ground spraying for mosquitos dissolved in chaos when the attendees refused to follow the planned format. The format had been prearranged; a panel of experts would answer questions from the public. The questions were to be submitted in writing and Mayor ["Ruth Asmundson"] was to read them to the panel. After two questions, the gathered public began shouting at the panel that they should "learn to practice Democracy" and moved toward the front of the room. In response, the panel and Mayor closed the meeting and left out the back. This caught the attention of the local news, and even ABC news in San Francisco. The City Council fiasco was particularly unfortunate because the meeting was called to explain the spray-response plan to the public, however, the citizens who disrupted the meeting thought it was called because the city ''was already going to spray.'' The scientists invited to speak at the meeting went home and did not have the opportunity to answer questions. Ironically, the disruption may have harmed the democratic process by preventing the dissemination of information. </td> <td> <span>+</span> On August 23rd, 2005, a open panel on the issue of ground spraying for mosquito<span>e</span>s dissolved in chaos when the attendees refused to follow the planned format. The format had been prearranged; a panel of experts would answer questions from the public. The questions were to be submitted in writing and Mayor ["Ruth Asmundson"] was to read them to the panel. After two questions, the gathered public began shouting at the panel that they should "learn to practice Democracy" and moved toward the front of the room. In response, the panel and Mayor closed the meeting and left out the back. This caught the attention of the local news, and even ABC news in San Francisco. The City Council fiasco was particularly unfortunate because the meeting was called to explain the spray-response plan to the public, however, the citizens who disrupted the meeting thought it was called because the city ''was already going to spray.'' The scientists invited to speak at the meeting went home and did not have the opportunity to answer questions. Ironically, the disruption may have harmed the democratic process by preventing the dissemination of information. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 17: </td> <td> Line 17: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Since then, a group called Stop West Nile Spraying Now has organized [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ (site)] to lobby against using pesticides to control mosquitos. They also educate the public on how to reduce the incidence of mosquitos through the elimination of habitat, and changes in outdoor behavior. The group can be seen tabling at the ["Farmers Market"] and the ["Davis Food Coop"]. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Since then, a group called Stop West Nile Spraying Now has organized [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ (site)] to lobby against using pesticides to control mosquito<span>e</span>s. They also educate the public on how to reduce the incidence of mosquito<span>e</span>s through the elimination of habitat, and changes in outdoor behavior. The group can be seen tabling at the ["Farmers Market"] and the ["Davis Food Coop"]. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 21: </td> <td> Line 21: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]On July 27, 2006, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to [http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php 4 out of a possible 5], triggering the spraying of pesticides. On July 29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitos in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitos to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday 8/1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> <td> <span>+</span> [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]On July 27, 2006, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to [http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php 4 out of a possible 5], triggering the spraying of pesticides. On July 29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquito<span>e</span>s in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquito<span>e</span>s to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday 8/1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 34: </td> <td> Line 34: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The plane will fly around 150mph and release at around 300ft above ground. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and it will take 60 to 90 minutes to complete the spraying for Davis. Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee]. For spraying to be effective, winds must be below 10 mph. Wind causes fewer mosquitos to be airborne, for example. </td> <td> <span>+</span> The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The plane will fly around 150mph and release at around 300ft above ground. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and it will take 60 to 90 minutes to complete the spraying for Davis. Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee]. For spraying to be effective, winds must be below 10 mph. Wind causes fewer mosquito<span>e</span>s to be airborne, for example. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 38: </td> <td> Line 38: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquitos) containing synthetic [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethroid pyrethroids] and Piperonyl Butoxide, or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piperonyl_butoxide PBO]. Pyrethrins are found in the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. They operate by blocking chemical signals in the nerve junctions of insects. PBO is a ''synergist'' that inhibits cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down pesticides, thus increasing the effectiveness of low amounts of pyrethrins. It allows the pyrethrins to act longer inside the insects, but it is not itself a pesticide. For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.] The name the district uses for the pesticide is "Evergreen 60-6." </td> <td> <span>+</span> The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquito<span>e</span>s) containing synthetic [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethroid pyrethroids] and Piperonyl Butoxide, or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piperonyl_butoxide PBO]. Pyrethrins are found in the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. They operate by blocking chemical signals in the nerve junctions of insects. PBO is a ''synergist'' that inhibits cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down pesticides, thus increasing the effectiveness of low amounts of pyrethrins. It allows the pyrethrins to act longer inside the insects, but it is not itself a pesticide. For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.] The name the district uses for the pesticide is "Evergreen 60-6." </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 82: </td> <td> Line 82: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-09 16:56:24'' [[nbsp]] Preliminary results of my bee study and the UC Davis studies on mosquitos, spiders, and dragonflies came out pretty good for the bees, flawless for the spiders and dragonflies, and devastating for the mosquitos. I'll know more about it all tomorrow, and I'll post news about my show on this and other pages. --["KarlMogel"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-09 16:56:24'' [[nbsp]] Preliminary results of my bee study and the UC Davis studies on mosquito<span>e</span>s, spiders, and dragonflies came out pretty good for the bees, flawless for the spiders and dragonflies, and devastating for the mosquito<span>e</span>s. I'll know more about it all tomorrow, and I'll post news about my show on this and other pages. --["KarlMogel"] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 87: </td> <td> Line 87: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> * You could also get a head-lice treatment that will give you a much higher dosage of the same stuff. So the risks are pretty low compared to what else we expose ourselves to (You're personal exposure from a can of Raid might even be higher), however, I find the argument interesting that one does not have the right to spray an unwilling person. Then again, at the same time I find compelling the argument that one can't force the non-action against WNV-infected mosquitos on people who are susceptible to the virus either. In any case, what I think most people can agree on is that more intensive preventative action might avert future sprays in the years to come. I think the goal of Stop West Nile Spraying Now should go in this direction. -["KarlMogel"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> * You could also get a head-lice treatment that will give you a much higher dosage of the same stuff. So the risks are pretty low compared to what else we expose ourselves to (You're personal exposure from a can of Raid might even be higher), however, I find the argument interesting that one does not have the right to spray an unwilling person. Then again, at the same time I find compelling the argument that one can't force the non-action against WNV-infected mosquito<span>e</span>s on people who are susceptible to the virus either. In any case, what I think most people can agree on is that more intensive preventative action might avert future sprays in the years to come. I think the goal of Stop West Nile Spraying Now should go in this direction. -["KarlMogel"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-11 01:15:43KarlMogelcomment <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 87: </td> <td> Line 87: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ * You could also get a head-lice treatment that will give you a much higher dosage of the same stuff. So the risks are pretty low compared to what else we expose ourselves to (You're personal exposure from a can of Raid might even be higher), however, I find the argument interesting that one does not have the right to spray an unwilling person. Then again, at the same time I find compelling the argument that one can't force the non-action against WNV-infected mosquitos on people who are susceptible to the virus either. In any case, what I think most people can agree on is that more intensive preventative action might avert future sprays in the years to come. I think the goal of Stop West Nile Spraying Now should go in this direction. -["KarlMogel"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-10 07:54:55EdwinSaadareword a sentence. soft rot sucks. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 56: </td> <td> Line 56: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway, whether conventional ''or'' organic. (Why?) - ''Organic produce has fewer pesticide residues on them than conventional, but it is not zero. Also, there are "organic" pesticides, fungicides, etc, which aren't safe to eat either, and finally, manure used in organic agriculture raises the count of E. coli on the surface of the veggies. Plus, <span>washing your</span> produce extends its life in the fridge.'' </td> <td> <span>+</span> Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway, whether conventional ''or'' organic. (Why?) - ''Organic produce has fewer pesticide residues on them than conventional, but it is not zero. Also, there are "organic" pesticides, fungicides, etc, which aren't safe to eat either, and finally, manure used in organic agriculture raises the count of E. coli on the surface of the veggies. Plus, <span>there are natural bacterial</span> p<span>athogens and spoilage agents on anything grown outside, so washing your p</span>roduce extends its life in the fridge.'' </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-10 07:19:46JabberWokky-lopsided paren <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 86: </td> <td> Line 86: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> ''2006-08-10 07:19:05'' [[nbsp]] <span>(</span>Incidently, if you want to get some, walk into ["PetCo"], as they have shelves of the stuff... with applicators for just about any animal. They are especially good for animals that are highly sensitive to chemicals, like birds. --["JabberWokky"] </td> <td> <span>+</span> ''2006-08-10 07:19:05'' [[nbsp]] Incidently, if you want to get some, walk into ["PetCo"], as they have shelves of the stuff... with applicators for just about any animal. They are especially good for animals that are highly sensitive to chemicals, like birds. --["JabberWokky"] </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-10 07:19:05JabberWokkyComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 85: </td> <td> Line 85: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2006-08-10 07:19:05'' [[nbsp]] (Incidently, if you want to get some, walk into ["PetCo"], as they have shelves of the stuff... with applicators for just about any animal. They are especially good for animals that are highly sensitive to chemicals, like birds. --["JabberWokky"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-10 07:17:14JabberWokkyComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 83: </td> <td> Line 83: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2006-08-10 07:17:14'' [[nbsp]] You know, I happily spray my mice fairly often with pyrethrins, and have been handling it for years now. It's also in pretty high amounts in horse shampoo. Just to add a bit of perspective. --["JabberWokky"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-10 01:07:39KarlMogelbunch o stuff <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 56: </td> <td> Line 56: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway, whether conventional ''or'' organic. (Why?)</span> </td> <td> <span>+ Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway, whether conventional ''or'' organic. (Why?) - ''Organic produce has fewer pesticide residues on them than conventional, but it is not zero. Also, there are "organic" pesticides, fungicides, etc, which aren't safe to eat either, and finally, manure used in organic agriculture raises the count of E. coli on the surface of the veggies. Plus, washing your produce extends its life in the fridge.''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 59: </td> <td> Line 59: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + [[Image(moonplane1.jpg, "The Moon illuminates the pyrethrin spray Wednesday night. (8/9)", 200, left, thumbnail)]][[Image(moonplane2.jpg, "If it wasn't poison, it would be pretty", 200, right, thumbnail)]]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 66: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> On Thursday (8/10), ["KarlMogel" Karl Mogel] will be interviewing several people involved in the mosquito spraying issue during his show, The Inoculated Mind. Guests include Rick Roush, the head of the Statewide [http://ipm.ucdavis.edu Integrated Pest Management] program, Jim Northup from [<span>"</span>Stop West Nile Spraying Now<span>"</span>], and Sharon Lawler, an entomologist who is part of the research effort put together to study the effects of the mosquito spraying. There may also be a representative from the California Department of Health Services. Some of the issues that will be discussed include the scientific certainties/uncertainties surrounding the spraying issue, where do we put our threshold for action, discussion of the ethical issues raised by spraying versus not spraying, and discussion of some of the results from the studies conducted by UC Davis researchers during the spray treatments. Finally, Karl will reveal the data he collected from his own study of the effect of the spray on the ["Honeybees" bees]. The show begins at 6:00 pm, and the interviews begin at 6:30 after the news, with the show ending at 7:30. The number to call in is 530.792.1648, and the frequency is 101.5 FM. The show will also replay on Sunday from 9-10:30 pm. </td> <td> <span>+</span> On Thursday (8/10), ["KarlMogel" Karl Mogel] will be interviewing several people involved in the mosquito spraying issue during his show, The Inoculated Mind. Guests include Rick Roush, the head of the Statewide [http://ipm.ucdavis.edu Integrated Pest Management] program, Jim Northup from [<span>http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ </span>Stop West Nile Spraying Now], and Sharon Lawler, an entomologist who is part of the research effort put together to study the effects of the mosquito spraying. There may also be a representative from the California Department of Health Services. Some of the issues that will be discussed include the scientific certainties/uncertainties surrounding the spraying issue, where do we put our threshold for action, discussion of the ethical issues raised by spraying versus not spraying, and discussion of some of the results from the studies conducted by UC Davis researchers during the spray treatments. Finally, Karl will reveal the data he collected from his own study of the effect of the spray on the ["Honeybees" bees]. The show begins at 6:00 pm, and the interviews begin at 6:30 after the news, with the show ending at 7:30. The number to call in is 530.792.1648, and the frequency is 101.5 FM. The show will also replay on Sunday<span>&nbsp;8/13)</span> from 9-10:30 pm. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-10 00:59:16KarlMogelUpload of image <a href="http://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus?action=Files&do=view&target=moonplane1.jpg">moonplane1.jpg</a>.West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-10 00:53:53KarlMogelUpload of image <a href="http://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus?action=Files&do=view&target=moonplane2.jpg">moonplane2.jpg</a>.West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-10 00:53:06KarlMogelshow info <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 64: </td> <td> Line 64: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ On Thursday (8/10), ["KarlMogel" Karl Mogel] will be interviewing several people involved in the mosquito spraying issue during his show, The Inoculated Mind. Guests include Rick Roush, the head of the Statewide [http://ipm.ucdavis.edu Integrated Pest Management] program, Jim Northup from ["Stop West Nile Spraying Now"], and Sharon Lawler, an entomologist who is part of the research effort put together to study the effects of the mosquito spraying. There may also be a representative from the California Department of Health Services. Some of the issues that will be discussed include the scientific certainties/uncertainties surrounding the spraying issue, where do we put our threshold for action, discussion of the ethical issues raised by spraying versus not spraying, and discussion of some of the results from the studies conducted by UC Davis researchers during the spray treatments. Finally, Karl will reveal the data he collected from his own study of the effect of the spray on the ["Honeybees" bees]. The show begins at 6:00 pm, and the interviews begin at 6:30 after the news, with the show ending at 7:30. The number to call in is 530.792.1648, and the frequency is 101.5 FM. The show will also replay on Sunday from 9-10:30 pm.<br> + </span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-09 16:56:24KarlMogelComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 77: </td> <td> Line 77: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2006-08-09 16:56:24'' [[nbsp]] Preliminary results of my bee study and the UC Davis studies on mosquitos, spiders, and dragonflies came out pretty good for the bees, flawless for the spiders and dragonflies, and devastating for the mosquitos. I'll know more about it all tomorrow, and I'll post news about my show on this and other pages. --["KarlMogel"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-09 16:06:54AlphaDog+toc <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 6: </td> <td> Line 6: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ [[TableOfContents]]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-09 08:51:20SteveDavisonAlways give full, unambiguous, dates! <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 55: </td> <td> Line 55: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway<span>.</span> <span>(W</span>hether conventional ''or'' organic)<span>.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway<span>,</span> <span>w</span>hether conventional ''or'' organic<span>. (Why?</span>) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 61: </td> <td> Line 61: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> However, there WILL be a show on ["KDRT" K-DiRT] specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday, at 8:00 pm. At least one guest will be featured, entomologist Sharon Lawler, and there may also be representatives from the Sacramento/Yolo Vector Control District and Stop West Nile Spraying Now. You can book a specific time for talking by calling 757<span>.</span>2419 or emailing info@kdrt.org, but you may call in even if you don't. The call-in number is 792<span>.</span>1648. </td> <td> <span>+</span> However, there WILL be a show on ["KDRT" K-DiRT] specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday<span>&nbsp;(2006-08-11)</span>, at 8:00 pm. At least one guest will be featured, entomologist Sharon Lawler, and there may also be representatives from the Sacramento/Yolo Vector Control District and Stop West Nile Spraying Now. You can book a specific time for talking by calling <span>530-</span>757<span>-</span>2419 or emailing info@kdrt.org, but you may call in even if you don't. The call-in number is <span>530-</span>792<span>-</span>1648. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-09 08:42:55SteveDavisonComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 74: </td> <td> Line 74: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2006-08-09 08:42:55'' [[nbsp]] I spent my 2006-08-08 evening trying to carefully note the pre-spray fauna, smells, and such. I left a white piece of paper, face up to the sky out last night. This morning, 2006-08-09 (post-spray), it is covered with light-gray spots. The air has the smell of burnt plastic, and I do not hear any insects buzzing at all. Haven't seen any dead ones yet, though. --["SteveDavison"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-08 23:12:13KarlMogelbee link fix <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August 18, 2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website]. </td> <td> <span>+</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August 18, 2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["<span>Honey</span>bees"<span>&nbsp;bees</span>], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website]. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 51: </td> <td> Line 51: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers will want to protect their ["<span>B</span>ees"]. (If you see ["Feral Bees" feral colonies] of bees marked with 3x5 cards, that is because a ["KarlMogel" local bee fanatic] is surveying the effects of the spraying on their colonies.) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.) </td> <td> <span>+</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers will want to protect their ["<span>Honeyb</span>ees"<span>&nbsp;bees</span>]. (If you see ["Feral Bees" feral colonies] of bees marked with 3x5 cards, that is because a ["KarlMogel" local bee fanatic] is surveying the effects of the spraying on their colonies.) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.) </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-08 22:25:16KarlMogelComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 72: </td> <td> Line 72: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2006-08-08 22:25:16'' [[nbsp]] I have the perfect location for photographing the plane, if anyone wants to join me tomorrow. Clear, dark, and during an organic-farm evasion maneuver. --["KarlMogel"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-08 21:30:20ErikAndersonComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 70: </td> <td> Line 70: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2006-08-08 21:30:20'' [[nbsp]] Got-R-Done --["ErikAnderson"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-08 21:29:18ErikAnderson <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 26: </td> <td> Line 26: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- ''Photo request'': A photo of the spraying plane!</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 29: </td> <td> Line 28: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + [[Image(aerialsprayaction.jpg, "Fighting the Bite over South Davis, 8/8/2006 8:47pm", 200, left, thumbnail)]]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-08 21:22:14ErikAndersonUpload of image <a href="http://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus?action=Files&do=view&target=aerialsprayaction.jpg">aerialsprayaction.jpg</a>.West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-08 20:57:08SteveDavisonComment added. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 67: </td> <td> Line 67: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ ------<br> + ''2006-08-08 20:57:08'' [[nbsp]] If I read your photo request 30 minutes ago I could have gotten lots of pictures; they've been buzzing overhead. --["SteveDavison"]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-08 20:52:43PhilipNeustromphoto request: photo of the spraying plane!!! <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 25: </td> <td> Line 25: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + ''Photo request'': A photo of the spraying plane!</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-07 16:55:45KarlMogelmore info, sprays scheduled <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 20: </td> <td> Line 20: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]On July 27, 2006, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to [http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php 4 out of a possible 5], triggering the spraying of pesticides. On July 29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitos in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitos to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday <span>August </span>1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> <td> <span>+</span> [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]On July 27, 2006, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to [http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php 4 out of a possible 5], triggering the spraying of pesticides. On July 29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitos in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitos to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday <span>8/</span>1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 22: </td> <td> Line 22: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The August 3 spraying was [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287358p-15107077c.html canceled] due to wind, so the spray dates were at first pushed to Friday and Saturday <span>the </span>4<span>th and </span>5<span>th</span>, however, the Davis Enterprise [http://www.davisenterprise.com/articles/2006/08/04/news/00canceled.txt reported] that spraying <span>has been</span> canceled for th<span>is</span> weekend<span>, and will be re-e</span>v<span>aluated on monday. On the 3rd of August, a third case of West Nile was confirmed, this time in Davis. This gives</span> the scientists scrambling to [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287359p-15107111c.html set up experiments] to study the effects of the spray on non-target insects more time to prepare. </td> <td> <span>+</span> The August 3 spraying was [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287358p-15107077c.html canceled] due to wind, so the spray dates were at first pushed to Friday and Saturday <span>8/</span>4<span>&nbsp;and 8/</span>5, however, the Davis Enterprise [http://www.davisenterprise.com/articles/2006/08/04/news/00canceled.txt reported] that spraying <span>was</span> canceled for th<span>at</span> weekend<span>. This ga</span>v<span>e</span> the scientists scrambling to [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287359p-15107111c.html set up experiments] to study the effects of the spray on non-target insects more time to prepare.<span>&nbsp;On the 3rd and 7th of August, the third and fourth cases of West Nile in Yolo County were [http://www.news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=7839 confirmed], both in Davis.<br> + <br> + On Monday 8/7, the situation was [http://www.news.ucdavis.edu/search/news_detail.lasso?id=7839 re-evaluated] and the Vector Control District scheduled the sprays again for Tuesday and Wednesday 8/8 and 8/9.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 26: </td> <td> Line 28: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- '''Davis does not currently have any mosquito spray treatments scheduled. On Monday, August 7, the Vector Control District wil re-evaluate the situation, and may re-schedule it for Tuesday and Wednesday the 8th and 9th.'''</span> </td> <td> <span>+ '''The Spray treatments are currently scheduled for Tuesday and Wednesday the 8th and 9th, weather permitting.'''</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 48: </td> <td> Line 50: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- It migh</span>t be<span>&nbsp;a good idea to hose off surfaces that you</span>, <span>your children, or pets might use that day, such as s</span>w<span>ingsets. However, hosing things off may not be the best answer, as</span> [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm <span>t</span>his study] suggests people leave outdoor furniture unused in the sun for a day or two to let the pyrethrin and PBO residue degrade rather than send the runoff into urban creeks. So if you do <span>any</span> hosing, do it on the grass, and <span>not into the storm drains.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ Although many have thought i</span>t be<span>st to hose off outdoor toys and surfaces after the spraying</span>, <span>it is recommended that the sun be allo</span>w<span>ed to destroy the pesticide.</span> [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm <span>T</span>his study] suggests people leave outdoor furniture unused in the sun for a day or two to let the pyrethrin and PBO residue degrade rather than send the runoff into urban creeks. So if you do <span>''any''</span> hosing, do it on the grass, and <span>''not'' into the storm drains.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-04 15:43:46KarlMogelspraying tonight canceled <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 22: </td> <td> Line 22: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The August 3 spraying was [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287358p-15107077c.html canceled] due to wind, so the spray dates <span>ha</span>ve been <span>pushed to Friday and possi</span>b<span>ly Satur</span>day. On the 3rd of August, a third case of West Nile was confirmed, this time in Davis. This gives the scientists scrambling to [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287359p-15107111c.html set up experiments] to study the effects of the spray on non-target insects <span>one more day to prepare.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> The August 3 spraying was [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287358p-15107077c.html canceled] due to wind, so the spray dates <span>were at first pushed to Friday and Saturday the 4th and 5th, howe</span>ve<span>r, the Davis Enterprise [http://www.davisenterprise.com/articles/2006/08/04/news/00canceled.txt reported] that spraying has</span> been <span>canceled for this weekend, and will </span>b<span>e re-evaluated on mon</span>day. On the 3rd of August, a third case of West Nile was confirmed, this time in Davis. This gives the scientists scrambling to [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287359p-15107111c.html set up experiments] to study the effects of the spray on non-target insects <span>more time to prepare.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 26: </td> <td> Line 26: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> -<span>&nbsp;Da</span>v<span>is is scheduled to be sprayed on</span> T<span>hursday and Friday, the 3rd and 4th of August.</span> The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather.<span>&nbsp;</span> The plane will fly around 150mph and release at around 300ft above ground. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and it will take 60 to 90 minutes to complete the spraying for Davis. Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee]. </td> <td> <span>+ '''Davis does not currently have any mosquito spray treatments scheduled. On Monday, August 7, the Vector Control District wil re</span>-<span>e</span>v<span>aluate the situation, and may re-schedule it for</span> T<span>uesday and Wednesday the 8th and 9th.'''<br> + <br> +</span> The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The plane will fly around 150mph and release at around 300ft above ground. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and it will take 60 to 90 minutes to complete the spraying for Davis. Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee].<span>&nbsp;For spraying to be effective, winds must be below 10 mph. Wind causes fewer mosquitos to be airborne, for example.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-04 15:13:01KarlMogeltwo more articles... <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 21: </td> <td> Line 21: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + The August 3 spraying was [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287358p-15107077c.html canceled] due to wind, so the spray dates have been pushed to Friday and possibly Saturday. On the 3rd of August, a third case of West Nile was confirmed, this time in Davis. This gives the scientists scrambling to [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14287359p-15107111c.html set up experiments] to study the effects of the spray on non-target insects one more day to prepare.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-04 03:20:19ArielaHaroadding bee info, changing tense <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 40: </td> <td> Line 40: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- <br> - </span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 44: </td> <td> Line 42: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.)</span> </td> <td> <span>+ Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers will want to protect their ["Bees"]. (If you see ["Feral Bees" feral colonies] of bees marked with 3x5 cards, that is because a ["KarlMogel" local bee fanatic] is surveying the effects of the spraying on their colonies.) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.)</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 52: </td> <td> Line 50: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT 101.5] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station <span>i</span>s under reconstruction on that day and no live shows <span>will air</span>. </td> <td> <span>+</span> You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT 101.5] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station <span>wa</span>s under reconstruction on that day and no live shows <span>aired</span>. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-04 03:14:14ArielaHaroHot Damn Jeff - I've been sciencedaily.com punked! (about the hosing issue) <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 44: </td> <td> Line 44: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. (<span>unconfirmed, will check on this. -["KarlMogel" KJM]</span>)<span>&nbsp;This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.)</span> It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets. However, hosing things off may not be the best answer, as [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm this study] suggests people leave outdoor furniture unused in the sun for a day or two to let the pyrethrin and PBO residue degrade rather than send the runoff into urban creeks. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. <span>This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. </span>(<span>except in places that do not get much sun.</span>)<span><br> + <br> +</span> It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets. However, hosing things off may not be the best answer, as [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm this study] suggests people leave outdoor furniture unused in the sun for a day or two to let the pyrethrin and PBO residue degrade rather than send the runoff into urban creeks.<span>&nbsp;So if you do any hosing, do it on the grass, and not into the storm drains.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-03 23:10:54JeffShawClarified language from pesticide study, changed grammer from my prev. edit <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 30: </td> <td> Line 30: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- There is no such thing as a safe pesticide, however, synthetic pyrethroids are some of the safest insecticides. The pesticides being used will also degrade in the sunlight. However, [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm this study] done after the spraying in Sacramento in 2005 shows that PBO increases the toxicity of existing pesticides in the environment. Here is a quote:</span> </td> <td> <span>+ There is no such thing as a safe pesticide, however, synthetic pyrethroids are some of the safest insecticides. The pesticides being used will also degrade in the sunlight. Yet, if the pesticide reaches our waterways, it may have negative effects on the environment.<br> + <br> + While they are considered safe for organisms living in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_column_%28lakes%29 water column] the toxicity of pyrethroids to sediment dwelling organisms is relatively unknown, with this precursory study showing negative results on an [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indicator_species indicator species] for sediment toxicity. Here is a quote:<br> + <br> + ''"About one-fifth of our Central Valley sediment samples are toxic to a standard testing species due to a class of pesticides no one has tested for before, for which there are little data on their toxicology when sediment-bound, and which are being promoted as an alternative to the increasingly restricted organophosphate insecticides...I don't want to give the impression that pyrethroids are destroying the streams, since that has not yet been shown, but if we are serious about maintaining stream health, we have to consider the sediments and not limit our sampling just to the water above."''<br> + <br> + Also, [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm this study] done after the spraying in Sacramento in 2005 shows that lingering [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piperonyl_butoxide PBO] increases the toxicity of ''existing pesticides'' in the environment, even while no detectable amount of pyrethrins from the mosquito spray could be found. Here is a quote:</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 34: </td> <td> Line 40: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- A [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040512045322.htm previous study] also shows that pyrethroids turn up in high levels in urban creeks. While they are considered safe for organisms living in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_column_%28lakes%29 water column] the toxicity of pyrethroids to sediment dwelling organisms is relatively unknown, with this precursory study showing very negative results. Here is a quote:<br> - <br> - ''"About one-fifth of our Central Valley sediment samples are toxic to a standard testing species due to a class of pesticides no one has tested for before, for which there are little data on their toxicology when sediment-bound, and which are being promoted as an alternative to the increasingly restricted organophosphate insecticides.<br> - <br> - I don't want to give the impression that pyrethroids are destroying the streams, since that has not yet been shown, but if we are serious about maintaining stream health, we have to consider the sediments and not limit our sampling just to the water above."''</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-03 22:45:37JeffShawI added more information about the studies done in Sacramento under "pesticides" <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 30: </td> <td> Line 30: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- There is no such thing as a safe pesticide, however, synthetic pyrethroids are some of the safest insecticides. The pesticides being used will also degrade in the sunlight. However, [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm this study] shows that the compound may not be as benign as previously believed.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ There is no such thing as a safe pesticide, however, synthetic pyrethroids are some of the safest insecticides. The pesticides being used will also degrade in the sunlight. However, [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm this study] done after the spraying in Sacramento in 2005 shows that PBO increases the toxicity of existing pesticides in the environment. Here is a quote:<br> + <br> + "''The research team found that the level of PBO from the mosquito spray was high enough to double the toxicity of pyrethroids already present - primarily bifenthrin, one of the more toxic chemicals of the group. PBO, when in a pesticide product, can increase pyrethroid toxicity tenfold or more, but to see even a doubling of toxicity due to PBO in creek waters was unexpected.''"<br> + <br> + A [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2004/05/040512045322.htm previous study] also shows that pyrethroids turn up in high levels in urban creeks. While they are considered safe for organisms living in the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_column_%28lakes%29 water column] the toxicity of pyrethroids to sediment dwelling organisms is relatively unknown, with this precursory study showing very negative results. Here is a quote:<br> + <br> + ''"About one-fifth of our Central Valley sediment samples are toxic to a standard testing species due to a class of pesticides no one has tested for before, for which there are little data on their toxicology when sediment-bound, and which are being promoted as an alternative to the increasingly restricted organophosphate insecticides.<br> + <br> + I don't want to give the impression that pyrethroids are destroying the streams, since that has not yet been shown, but if we are serious about maintaining stream health, we have to consider the sediments and not limit our sampling just to the water above."''<br> + </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 34: </td> <td> Line 43: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. (unconfirmed, will check on this. -["KarlMogel" KJM]) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except <span>possibly </span>in places that do not get much sun.) It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets. Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway. (Whether conventional ''or'' organic) </td> <td> <span>+</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. (unconfirmed, will check on this. -["KarlMogel" KJM]) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.) It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;However, hosing things off may not be the best answer, as [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm this study] suggests people leave outdoor furniture unused in the sun for a day or two to let the pyrethrin and PBO residue degrade rather than send the runoff into urban creeks.<br> + <br> +</span> Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway. (Whether conventional ''or'' organic)<span>.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-03 21:37:12JeffShawAdded a link to a UC Berkeley Study about the pesticide compound <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 30: </td> <td> Line 30: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> There is no such thing as a safe pesticide, however, synthetic pyrethroids are some of the safest insecticides. The pesticides being used will also degrade in the sunlight. </td> <td> <span>+</span> There is no such thing as a safe pesticide, however, synthetic pyrethroids are some of the safest insecticides. The pesticides being used will also degrade in the sunlight.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;However, [http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/07/060728162105.htm this study] shows that the compound may not be as benign as previously believed.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-03 19:14:43KenjiYamadaKDRT call-in show will air Friday Aug. 4, starting 8:00pm <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 38: </td> <td> Line 38: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT 101.5] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station is under reconstruction on that day and no live shows will air. However, there <span>may</span> be a show on K-DiRT specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday, at 8:00 pm. C<span>hec</span>k <span>bac</span>k<span>&nbsp;here for more details</span>. </td> <td> <span>+</span> You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT 101.5] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station is under reconstruction on that day and no live shows will air.<span><br> + <br> +</span> However, there <span>WILL</span> be a show on<span>&nbsp;["KDRT"</span> K-DiRT<span>]</span> specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday, at 8:00 pm. <span>&nbsp;At least one guest will be featured, entomologist Sharon Lawler, and there may also be representatives from the Sacramento/Yolo Vector </span>C<span>ontrol District and Stop West Nile Spraying Now. You can boo</span>k <span>a specific time for tal</span>k<span>ing by calling 757</span>.<span>2419 or emailing info@kdrt.org, but you may call in even if you don't. The call-in number is 792.1648.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-03 15:15:28KarlMogelat the risk of repeating ourselves... now integrated. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 24: </td> <td> Line 24: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis is scheduled to be sprayed on Thursday and Friday, the 3rd and 4th of August. The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The plane will fly around 150mph and release at around 300ft above ground. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and <span>will li</span>ke<span>ly last until midni</span>g<span>ht</span>. Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee].<span><br> - <br> - It will take 60 to 90 minutes to complete the spraying for Davis. The spraying is likely to begin at about 8:20 pm. The plane is likely to fly east to west and make approximately 15 passes across Davis. The flight patterns are, of course, dependent upon wind and weather conditions.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Davis is scheduled to be sprayed on Thursday and Friday, the 3rd and 4th of August. The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The plane will fly around 150mph and release at around 300ft above ground. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and <span>it will ta</span>ke<span>&nbsp;60 to 90 minutes to complete the sprayin</span>g<span>&nbsp;for Davis</span>. Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee]. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-03 14:51:21PhilipNeustromadded some info from city site <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 22: </td> <td> Line 22: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> == Spray Times == </td> <td> <span>+</span> == Spray Times <span>&amp; Logistics </span>== </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 24: </td> <td> Line 24: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis is scheduled to be sprayed on Thursday and Friday, the 3rd and 4th of August. The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and will likely last until midnight. Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee<span>.</span>] </td> <td> <span>+</span> Davis is scheduled to be sprayed on Thursday and Friday, the 3rd and 4th of August. The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather.<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;The plane will fly around 150mph and release at around 300ft above ground. </span> The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and will likely last until midnight.<span>&nbsp;</span> Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee]<span>.<br> + <br> + It will take 60 to 90 minutes to complete the spraying for Davis. The spraying is likely to begin at about 8:20 pm. The plane is likely to fly east to west and make approximately 15 passes across Davis. The flight patterns are, of course, dependent upon wind and weather conditions.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 28: </td> <td> Line 30: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquitos) containing synthetic [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethroid pyrethroids] and Piperonyl Butoxide, or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piperonyl_butoxide PBO]. Pyrethrins are found in the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. They operate by blocking chemical signals in the nerve junctions of insects. PBO is a ''synergist'' that inhibits cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down pesticides, thus increasing the effectiveness of low amounts of pyrethrins. It allows the pyrethrins to act longer inside the insects, but it is not itself a pesticide. For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.] </td> <td> <span>+</span> The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquitos) containing synthetic [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethroid pyrethroids] and Piperonyl Butoxide, or [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piperonyl_butoxide PBO]. Pyrethrins are found in the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. They operate by blocking chemical signals in the nerve junctions of insects. PBO is a ''synergist'' that inhibits cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down pesticides, thus increasing the effectiveness of low amounts of pyrethrins. It allows the pyrethrins to act longer inside the insects, but it is not itself a pesticide. For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.]<span>&nbsp;&nbsp;The name the district uses for the pesticide is "Evergreen 60-6."</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 40: </td> <td> Line 42: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ == Sources &amp; More info ==<br> + * [http://www.cityofdavis.org/story/?story=westnileupdate City of Davis West Nile update]<br> + </span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-02 23:42:22KarlMogelnow I think I'm done for now. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 24: </td> <td> Line 24: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Davis is scheduled to be sprayed on Thursday and Friday, the 3rd and 4th of August. The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and will likely last <span>a couple hours.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Davis is scheduled to be sprayed on Thursday and Friday, the 3rd and 4th of August. The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and will likely last <span>until midnight. Read more about it in the [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/14284103p-15091678c.html Sacramento Bee.]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 28: </td> <td> Line 28: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquitos) containing synthetic <span>pyrethroids (</span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/<span>Deltamethrin Deltamethrin</span>]<span>)</span> and Piperonyl Butoxide, or PBO. Pyrethrins are found in the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. They operate by blocking chemical signals in the nerve junctions of insects. PBO is a ''synergist'' that inhibits cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down pesticides, thus increasing the effectiveness of low amounts of pyrethrins. It allows the pyrethrins to act longer inside the insects, but it is not itself a pesticide. For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.] </td> <td> <span>+</span> The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquitos) containing synthetic [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/<span>Pyrethroid pyrethroids</span>] and Piperonyl Butoxide, or<span>&nbsp;[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piperonyl_butoxide</span> PBO<span>]</span>. Pyrethrins are found in the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. They operate by blocking chemical signals in the nerve junctions of insects. PBO is a ''synergist'' that inhibits cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down pesticides, thus increasing the effectiveness of low amounts of pyrethrins. It allows the pyrethrins to act longer inside the insects, but it is not itself a pesticide. For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 34: </td> <td> Line 34: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. (unconfirmed, will check on this. -["KarlMogel" KJM]) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except in places that do not get much sun.) It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets. Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway. (Whether conventional ''or'' organic) </td> <td> <span>+</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. (unconfirmed, will check on this. -["KarlMogel" KJM]) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. (except <span>possibly </span>in places that do not get much sun.) It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets. Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway. (Whether conventional ''or'' organic) </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-02 23:31:16KarlMogelI ''think'' I'm done <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 2: </td> <td> Line 2: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- <br> - http://westnilemaps.usgs.gov/</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 30: </td> <td> Line 28: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquitos) containing Pyrethrin, are the active ingredients in pyrethrum, an extract of the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. Pyrethrins are natural insecticides that act by blocking chemical signals at nerve junctions.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquitos) containing synthetic pyrethroids ([http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deltamethrin Deltamethrin]) and Piperonyl Butoxide, or PBO. Pyrethrins are found in the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. They operate by blocking chemical signals in the nerve junctions of insects. PBO is a ''synergist'' that inhibits cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down pesticides, thus increasing the effectiveness of low amounts of pyrethrins. It allows the pyrethrins to act longer inside the insects, but it is not itself a pesticide. For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 32: </td> <td> Line 30: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a synergist that is usually incorporated with pyrethrins. PBO enhances the effect of these insecticides by inhibiting cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down the insecticides. This allows the insecticides to be effective with less active ingredient than would otherwise be required.<br> - For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.]<br> - <br> - </span> </td> <td> <span>+ There is no such thing as a safe pesticide, however, synthetic pyrethroids are some of the safest insecticides. The pesticides being used will also degrade in the sunlight.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 39: </td> <td> Line 34: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. (unconfirmed, will check on this. -["KarlMogel" KJM]) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets. Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway. (Whether conventional ''or'' organic) </td> <td> <span>+</span> Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. (unconfirmed, will check on this. -["KarlMogel" KJM]) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. <span>(except in places that do not get much sun.) </span>It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets. Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway. (Whether conventional ''or'' organic) </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 43: </td> <td> Line 38: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT 101.5] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station is under reconstruction on that day. However, there may be a show on K-DiRT specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday, at 8:00 pm. Check back here for more details. </td> <td> <span>+</span> You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT 101.5] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station is under reconstruction on that day<span>&nbsp;and no live shows will air</span>. However, there may be a show on K-DiRT specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday, at 8:00 pm. Check back here for more details. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-02 23:11:44KarlMogelmore info, another pic.... still working <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span>'''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitos"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report unusual sightings of dead birds since the earliest cases were seen in 1999; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease reporting of these sightings. </td> <td> <span>+ [[Image(birdmap.jpg, "Dead birds found infected with WNV by county. More maps available at [http://westnilemaps.usgs.gov/ USGS].", 400, right, thumbnail)]]</span>'''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitos"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report unusual sightings of dead birds since the earliest cases were seen in 1999; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease reporting of these sightings.<span><br> + <br> + http://westnilemaps.usgs.gov/</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 16: </td> <td> Line 18: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Since then, a group called Stop West Nile Spraying Now has organized [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ (site)] to lobby against using pesticides to control mosquitos. They also educate the public on how to reduce the incidence of mosquitos <span>in a co</span>m<span>bined e</span>f<span>fort to</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Since then, a group called Stop West Nile Spraying Now has organized [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ (site)] to lobby against using pesticides to control mosquitos. They also educate the public on how to reduce the incidence of mosquitos <span>through the eli</span>m<span>ination o</span>f<span>&nbsp;habitat, and changes in outdoor behavior. The group can be seen tabling at the ["Farmers Market"] and the ["Davis Food Coop"].</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 20: </td> <td> Line 22: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span>On July 27, 2006, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to 4 out of a possible 5, triggering the spraying of pesticides. On July 29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitos in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitos to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday August 1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> <td> <span>+ [[Image(spraymap.jpg, "Map of area to be sprayed in Davis.", 400, right, thumbnail)]]</span>On July 27, 2006, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to <span>[http://www.fightthebite.net/mediacorner/plan.php </span>4 out of a possible 5<span>]</span>, triggering the spraying of pesticides. On July 29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitos in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitos to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday August 1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 28: </td> <td> Line 30: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ The pesticide mixture being used is an adulticide (kills adult mosquitos) containing Pyrethrin, are the active ingredients in pyrethrum, an extract of the African flower Chrysanthemum cineriaefolium. Pyrethrins are natural insecticides that act by blocking chemical signals at nerve junctions.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 29: </td> <td> Line 32: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- <br> - == What to do during treatment ==</span> </td> <td> <span>+ Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a synergist that is usually incorporated with pyrethrins. PBO enhances the effect of these insecticides by inhibiting cytochrome P450, a class of enzymes that break down the insecticides. This allows the insecticides to be effective with less active ingredient than would otherwise be required.<br> + For more information, see [http://www.fightthebite.net/adulticide/faq.php The VCD FAQ.]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 34: </td> <td> Line 37: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ == What to do during treatments ==<br> + <br> + Although the danger to humans from the pesticide is relatively low, Davisites should probably stay indoors after 8 pm as much as possible. Pets should also be taken indoors, and beekeepers might want to protect their ["Bees"]. (unconfirmed, will check on this. -["KarlMogel" KJM]) This specific pesticide is destroyed by sunlight, so the day after the spraying it will degrade. It might be a good idea to hose off surfaces that you, your children, or pets might use that day, such as swingsets. Vegetables grown outside should also be washed before being consumed. But you should be doing that already anyway. (Whether conventional ''or'' organic)<br> + <br> + == Community Forums ==<br> + <br> + You could voice your opinion at the next ["Davis City Council"] meetings, write letters to local papers, or stand on the street and shout, but there are currently no community forums as yet planned for this specific issue. The science show on ["KDRT" KDRT 101.5] Thursday evening would have been an ideal time to discuss the issue right before the first spray treatment, but the station is under reconstruction on that day. However, there may be a show on K-DiRT specifically set up for the community to voice their opinions on Friday, at 8:00 pm. Check back here for more details.<br> + </span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-02 23:09:03KarlMogelUpload of image <a href="http://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus?action=Files&do=view&target=birdmap.jpg">birdmap.jpg</a>.West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-02 22:40:28KarlMogelUpload of image <a href="http://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus?action=Files&do=view&target=spraymap.jpg">spraymap.jpg</a>.West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-02 22:28:50KarlMogelI want to make this the featured page... in a few minutes. Still adding info! <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 14: </td> <td> Line 14: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- On August 23rd, 2005, a open panel on the issue of ground spraying for mosquitos dissolved in chaos when the attendees refused to follow the planned format. The format had been prearranged; a panel of experts would answer questions from the public. The questions were to be submitted in writing and Mayor ["Ruth Asmundson"] was to read them to the panel. After two questions, the gathered public began shouting at the panel that they should learn to practice Democracy and moving toward the front of the room. In response, the panel and Mayor closed the meeting and left out the back. There are no meetings planned in the future at this time.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ On August 23rd, 2005, a open panel on the issue of ground spraying for mosquitos dissolved in chaos when the attendees refused to follow the planned format. The format had been prearranged; a panel of experts would answer questions from the public. The questions were to be submitted in writing and Mayor ["Ruth Asmundson"] was to read them to the panel. After two questions, the gathered public began shouting at the panel that they should "learn to practice Democracy" and moved toward the front of the room. In response, the panel and Mayor closed the meeting and left out the back. This caught the attention of the local news, and even ABC news in San Francisco. The City Council fiasco was particularly unfortunate because the meeting was called to explain the spray-response plan to the public, however, the citizens who disrupted the meeting thought it was called because the city ''was already going to spray.'' The scientists invited to speak at the meeting went home and did not have the opportunity to answer questions. Ironically, the disruption may have harmed the democratic process by preventing the dissemination of information.<br> + <br> + Since then, a group called Stop West Nile Spraying Now has organized [http://www.stopwestnilesprayingnow.org/ (site)] to lobby against using pesticides to control mosquitos. They also educate the public on how to reduce the incidence of mosquitos in a combined effort to<br> + <br> + = Mosquito Spraying August 2006 =<br> + <br> + On July 27, 2006, two additional human cases of WNV were confirmed, raising the Vector Control District's alertness level to 4 out of a possible 5, triggering the spraying of pesticides. On July 29, the VCD announced its decision to spray adult mosquitos in Davis and other areas, on the 3rd and 4th of August. The Davis City Council met on Monday July 31 to discuss the issue of spraying adult mosquitos to control WNV, and Councilmember ["Lamar Heystek"] suggested that neigborhoods ought to be allowed to opt out of the treatment, but it was voted down 4-1. The Davis Enterprise reported on Tuesday August 1 that the spraying would go forward, and that the people on ''both sides'' of the issue called for putting aside politics and claimed that science was on ''their'' side.<br> + <br> + == Spray Times ==<br> + <br> + Davis is scheduled to be sprayed on Thursday and Friday, the 3rd and 4th of August. The pesticide mixture will be sprayed from a plane that will fly over Davis East to West about 15 or 16 times, depending on the weather. The spraying will begin at about 8:20 pm, and will likely last a couple hours.<br> + <br> + == Pesticide information ==<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + == What to do during treatment ==<br> + <br> + <br> + <br> + [[Comments]]<br> + ------</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-01 13:58:03JabberWokkyRevert to version 12 (Alas, alack, indymedia license is not CC-By compatable.). <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 15: </td> <td> Line 15: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- <br> - (Regarding AUGUST 3-4, 2006 (8pm - midnight) SCHEDULED SPRAYINGS: the following is from http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2006/07/25/18291406.php)<br> - <br> - Mosquito Control District Sprays Davis Without Timely Warning To Residents<br> - by Dan Bacher<br> - Tuesday Jul 25th, 2006 1:57 PM<br> - Activists from "Stop West Nile Spraying Now" will be holding a press briefing shortly before David Brown, district manager for SYMVCD, makes a presentation at the Davis City Council meeting tonight at 6:30 p.m.<br> - URGENT NEWS ADVISORY<br> - Tuesday, July 25, 2006<br> - Contact: Julie Partansky, Stop West Nile Spraying Now 530 753-3936<br> - <br> - <br> - EMERGENCY ALERT: Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector<br> - Control District is spraying portions of Davis with the pesticide<br> - Suspend SC without timely warning to residents in the areas.<br> - <br> - Davis, Ca. – "Stop West Nile Spraying Now" (SWNSN) has received<br> - confirmation from the website of the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector<br> - Control District (SYMVCD) that the District has sprayed – without timely<br> - advance warning – various areas in Davis, including Arroyo Park, West Area<br> - Drainage, and the cemetery.<br> - <br> - "Did the people using the pool at Arroyo Park have warning? The SYMVCD<br> - could not possibly take the precautions recommended, including the advice<br> - to ‘Remain indoors during applications in your immediate area.' Nor could<br> - people know to bring pets indoors or cover sensitive areas," said Julie<br> - Partanksy of SWNSN<br> - <br> - The group will hold a news briefing shortly before the Davis City Council<br> - meeting (23 Russell Blvd) tonight/Tuesday at 6:30 p.m. when David Brown,<br> - district manager for SYMVCD will make a presention on the latest spraying.<br> - <br> - According to "Stop West Nile Spraying Now":<br> - <br> - "There is no epidemic of West Nile Virus in humans in any place in the<br> - Sacramento and Yolo County area at this time. SYMVCD speaks of an<br> - epidemic, but their epidemic is measured by the number of infected<br> - mosquitoes they trap per 1000 and not in terms of human infections. SYMVCD<br> - is using this ‘mosquito epidemic,' real or not, to justify spraying poisons<br> - in our City.<br> - <br> - "West Nile disease is a rare one even in peak infection years, and less<br> - than 1% of the few who do become infected with the virus experience serious<br> - symptoms. There are known risks to humans from the pesticides being<br> - sprayed, and people with asthma and immune-compromised systems are<br> - especially at risk.<br> - <br> - "Adulticide spraying to prevent West Nile disease is of questionable<br> - effectiveness, and the District has supplied no evidence that it reduces<br> - the transmission of WNV to humans. Without such evidence, there is no<br> - reason to spray adulticides, no matter what the various triggers say<br> - (number of infected mosquitoes, infections in sentinel chickens, etc.).<br> - <br> - Add Your Comments<br> - LATEST COMMENTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE<br> - Listed below are the 10 latest comments posted about this article.<br> - These comments are anonymously submitted by website visitors.<br> - TITLE AUTHOR DATE<br> - Davis city council (4-1) opts for no option for vote 2 opt out of toxic pesticide spray Wednesday Jul 26th, 2006 1:44 PM<br> - Pyrethrins yolo res Wednesday Jul 26th, 2006 11:02 AM</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-01 12:16:41JasonBundy <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 16: </td> <td> Line 16: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> - <span>(</span>the following is from http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2006/07/25/18291406.php) </td> <td> <span>+ (Regarding AUGUST 3-4, 2006 (8pm </span>- <span>midnight) SCHEDULED SPRAYINGS: </span>the following is from http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2006/07/25/18291406.php) </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-08-01 12:14:04JasonBundyUpcoming Sprayings Aug 3-4, 2006 <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 15: </td> <td> Line 15: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ <br> + (the following is from http://www.indybay.org/newsitems/2006/07/25/18291406.php)<br> + <br> + Mosquito Control District Sprays Davis Without Timely Warning To Residents<br> + by Dan Bacher<br> + Tuesday Jul 25th, 2006 1:57 PM<br> + Activists from "Stop West Nile Spraying Now" will be holding a press briefing shortly before David Brown, district manager for SYMVCD, makes a presentation at the Davis City Council meeting tonight at 6:30 p.m.<br> + URGENT NEWS ADVISORY<br> + Tuesday, July 25, 2006<br> + Contact: Julie Partansky, Stop West Nile Spraying Now 530 753-3936<br> + <br> + <br> + EMERGENCY ALERT: Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector<br> + Control District is spraying portions of Davis with the pesticide<br> + Suspend SC without timely warning to residents in the areas.<br> + <br> + Davis, Ca. – "Stop West Nile Spraying Now" (SWNSN) has received<br> + confirmation from the website of the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector<br> + Control District (SYMVCD) that the District has sprayed – without timely<br> + advance warning – various areas in Davis, including Arroyo Park, West Area<br> + Drainage, and the cemetery.<br> + <br> + "Did the people using the pool at Arroyo Park have warning? The SYMVCD<br> + could not possibly take the precautions recommended, including the advice<br> + to ‘Remain indoors during applications in your immediate area.' Nor could<br> + people know to bring pets indoors or cover sensitive areas," said Julie<br> + Partanksy of SWNSN<br> + <br> + The group will hold a news briefing shortly before the Davis City Council<br> + meeting (23 Russell Blvd) tonight/Tuesday at 6:30 p.m. when David Brown,<br> + district manager for SYMVCD will make a presention on the latest spraying.<br> + <br> + According to "Stop West Nile Spraying Now":<br> + <br> + "There is no epidemic of West Nile Virus in humans in any place in the<br> + Sacramento and Yolo County area at this time. SYMVCD speaks of an<br> + epidemic, but their epidemic is measured by the number of infected<br> + mosquitoes they trap per 1000 and not in terms of human infections. SYMVCD<br> + is using this ‘mosquito epidemic,' real or not, to justify spraying poisons<br> + in our City.<br> + <br> + "West Nile disease is a rare one even in peak infection years, and less<br> + than 1% of the few who do become infected with the virus experience serious<br> + symptoms. There are known risks to humans from the pesticides being<br> + sprayed, and people with asthma and immune-compromised systems are<br> + especially at risk.<br> + <br> + "Adulticide spraying to prevent West Nile disease is of questionable<br> + effectiveness, and the District has supplied no evidence that it reduces<br> + the transmission of WNV to humans. Without such evidence, there is no<br> + reason to spray adulticides, no matter what the various triggers say<br> + (number of infected mosquitoes, infections in sentinel chickens, etc.).<br> + <br> + Add Your Comments<br> + LATEST COMMENTS ABOUT THIS ARTICLE<br> + Listed below are the 10 latest comments posted about this article.<br> + These comments are anonymously submitted by website visitors.<br> + TITLE AUTHOR DATE<br> + Davis city council (4-1) opts for no option for vote 2 opt out of toxic pesticide spray Wednesday Jul 26th, 2006 1:44 PM<br> + Pyrethrins yolo res Wednesday Jul 26th, 2006 11:02 AM</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2006-07-29 11:33:13JasonAllerCity of Davis Update <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Less than 1% of those individuals infected with West Nile virus will develop severe illness and 80% of those infected will be asymptomatic while the remaining 19% will exhibit only mild flu-like symptoms according to the CDC; of the 1% who develop severe illness, typically immunocompromised individuals and those over 50, there is a 3%-15% fatality rate [August 2005]. West Nile symptoms range from fever, nausea, paralysis and meningitis. The most severe type of human disease resulting from infection with the West Nile virus is a <span>“neuroinvasive disease”</span> that affects the nervous system. Specific types of neuroinvasive disease include: West Nile encephalitis, West Nile meningitis or West Nile meningoencephalitis -- symptoms include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, and paralysis. West Nile Fever is a mild flu-like illness that occurs in about 19% of those who become infected -- it is characterized by fever, headache, tiredness, aches and sometimes rash. West Nile Fever can be as brief as a few days, though even healthy people may become sick for several weeks. Should you develop a high fever with severe headache, the CDC recommends you consult your health care provider. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Less than 1% of those individuals infected with West Nile virus will develop severe illness and 80% of those infected will be asymptomatic while the remaining 19% will exhibit only mild flu-like symptoms according to the CDC; of the 1% who develop severe illness, typically immunocompromised individuals and those over 50, there is a 3%-15% fatality rate [August 2005]. West Nile symptoms range from fever, nausea, paralysis and meningitis. The most severe type of human disease resulting from infection with the West Nile virus is a <span>“neuroinvasive disease”</span> that affects the nervous system. Specific types of neuroinvasive disease include: West Nile encephalitis, West Nile meningitis or West Nile meningoencephalitis -- symptoms include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, and paralysis. West Nile Fever is a mild flu-like illness that occurs in about 19% of those who become infected -- it is characterized by fever, headache, tiredness, aches and sometimes rash. West Nile Fever can be as brief as a few days, though even healthy people may become sick for several weeks. Should you develop a high fever with severe headache, the CDC recommends you consult your health care provider. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 10: </td> <td> Line 10: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ *[http://www.cityofdavis.org/story/?story=westnileupdate City of Davis Update]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 14: </td> <td> Line 15: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-09-07 16:51:43AlphaDogRevert to version dated 2005-08-25 13:51:53. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitos"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report <span>sightings of dead birds to [htt</span>p<span>://westnile</span>.<span>ca.gov] or 1-877-968-2473.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> '''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitos"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report <span>unusual sightings of dead birds since the earliest cases were seen in 1999; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease re</span>p<span>orting of these sightings</span>. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August 18, 2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website].<span>&nbsp;You can also subscribe to an email list which will notify you the day of the spraying. Spraying starts at 8PM. The site also contains information about the insecticides to be used.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August 18, 2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website]. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 9: </td> <td> Line 9: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> *[http://www.fightthebite.net/ Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District]<span>&nbsp;or 800-429-1022.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> *[http://www.fightthebite.net/ Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District] </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 15: </td> <td> Line 15: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- [[Comments]]</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-09-07 10:46:24SteveDavisonupdate <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> '''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitos"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report <span>unusual </span>sightings of dead birds <span>since the earliest cases </span>we<span>re seen in</span> 19<span>99; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease reporting of these sightings.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> '''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitos"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report sightings of dead birds <span>to [http://</span>we<span>stnile.ca.gov] or</span> 1<span>-877-</span>9<span>68-2473.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August 18, 2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website]. </td> <td> <span>+</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 10% of the mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August 18, 2005, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Joan Randall"], a Davis resident, to be the first human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website].<span>&nbsp;You can also subscribe to an email list which will notify you the day of the spraying. Spraying starts at 8PM. The site also contains information about the insecticides to be used.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 9: </td> <td> Line 9: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> *[http://www.fightthebite.net/ Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District] </td> <td> <span>+</span> *[http://www.fightthebite.net/ Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District]<span>&nbsp;or 800-429-1022.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 15: </td> <td> Line 15: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ [[Comments]]</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-25 13:51:53AlphaDog+mo info, resources <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Less than 1% of those individuals infected with West Nile virus will develop severe illness and <span>most people are asymptomatic or</span> exhibit mild flu-like symptoms; <span>those</span> who develop severe illness<span>&nbsp;as a result of the virus, typically the elderly, have</span> a 3%-15% fatality rate. West Nile symptoms range from fever, nausea, paralysis and meningitis. The most severe type of human disease resulting from infection with the West Nile virus is a “neuroinvasive disease” that affects the nervous system. Specific types of neuroinvasive disease include: West Nile encephalitis, West Nile meningitis or West Nile meningoencephalitis<span>. West Nile Fever is another illness that can occur in people who become infected</span> -- it is characterized by fever, headache, tiredness, aches and sometimes rash. West Nile Fever can be as brief as a few days, though even healthy people may become sick for several weeks. </td> <td> <span>+</span> Less than 1% of those individuals infected with West Nile virus will develop severe illness and <span>80% of those infected will be asymptomatic while the remaining 19% will</span> exhibit <span>only </span>mild flu-like symptoms<span>&nbsp;according to the CDC</span>; <span>of the 1%</span> who develop severe illness<span>, typically immunocompromised individuals and those over 50, there is</span> a 3%-15% fatality rate<span>&nbsp;[August 2005]</span>. West Nile symptoms range from fever, nausea, paralysis and meningitis. The most severe type of human disease resulting from infection with the West Nile virus is a “neuroinvasive disease” that affects the nervous system. Specific types of neuroinvasive disease include: West Nile encephalitis, West Nile meningitis or West Nile meningoencephalitis -- <span>&nbsp;symptoms include headache, high fever, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, and paralysis. West Nile Fever is a mild flu-like illness that occurs in about 19% of those who become infected -- </span>it is characterized by fever, headache, tiredness, aches and sometimes rash. West Nile Fever can be as brief as a few days, though even healthy people may become sick for several weeks.<span>&nbsp;Should you develop a high fever with severe headache, the CDC recommends you consult your health care provider.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 1<span>&nbsp;in</span> 10<span>&nbsp;mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["Americ</span>an R<span>i</span>v<span>er"]</span> f<span>ound carrying the disease</span>. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using <span>pyrethrins</span> in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') </td> <td> <span>+</span> In summer 2005, infection rates in the Sacramento area peaked at 1<span>0% of the mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. On August</span> 1<span>8, 2</span>0<span>05, officials pronounced 60-year old ["Jo</span>an R<span>andall"], a Da</span>v<span>is resident, to be the</span> f<span>irst human West Nile case contracted in Yolo County</span>. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using <span>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrethrum pyrethrins]</span> in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'')<span>&nbsp;Residents wishing to add their address to a "no-spray" list can do so on the Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District [http://www.fightthebite.net/ website].</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 7: </td> <td> Line 7: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ = Resources =<br> + *[http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control]<br> + *[http://www.fightthebite.net/ Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito Vector Control District]</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 8: </td> <td> Line 11: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> = Controversy = </td> <td> <span>+</span> =<span>&nbsp;Local</span> Controversy = </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-25 12:33:09AlphaDog+mo info <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- '''West Nile Virus''' is a ["mosquitos" mosquito]-borne disease that infects mostly ["birds and bird watching" birds], but can be transmitted to humans. Most individuals will be largely asymptomatic or exhibit mild flu-like symptoms; others, especially older adults, may develop a more severe response resulting in fever, nausea, paralysis, or meningitis leading to death.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ '''West Nile Virus''' is an arthropod-borne virus (aka arbovirus) of the genus flavivirus. Originally and commonly found in Africa, West Asia, and the Middle East, it has been detected and tracked in the US since 1999, beginning in the New York area. West Nile is closely related to yellow fever and St. Louis encephalitis virus which is also found in the United States. The virus can infect humans, birds, mosquitoes, horses and some other mammals. Its typical human vector is transmitted by ["mosquitos"] from ["birds and bird watching" birds] to humans and other mammals. Because birds are an early vector for this disease, the [http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.htm Centers for Disease Control] and local officials have asked citizens to report unusual sightings of dead birds since the earliest cases were seen in 1999; once the virus is verified in an area, citizens are asked to cease reporting of these sightings.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> - In summer 2005, <span>the infection rate reached its</span> peak<span>, with</span> 1 in 10 mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using pyrethrins in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') </td> <td> <span>+ Less than 1% of those individuals infected with West Nile virus will develop severe illness and most people are asymptomatic or exhibit mild flu</span>-<span>like symptoms; those who develop severe illness as a result of the virus, typically the elderly, have a 3%-15% fatality rate. West Nile symptoms range from fever, nausea, paralysis and meningitis. The most severe type of human disease resulting from infection with the West Nile virus is a “neuroinvasive disease” that affects the nervous system. Specific types of neuroinvasive disease include: West Nile encephalitis, West Nile meningitis or West Nile meningoencephalitis. West Nile Fever is another illness that can occur in people who become infected -- it is characterized by fever, headache, tiredness, aches and sometimes rash. West Nile Fever can be as brief as a few days, though even healthy people may become sick for several weeks.<br> + <br> +</span> In summer 2005, <span>infection rates in the Sacramento area</span> peak<span>ed at</span> 1 in 10 mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using pyrethrins in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-25 08:53:59AlphaDogmoved controversy here from Mosquito page <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- A ["mosquitos" mosquito]-borne disease that infects mostly birds, but can be transmitted to humans.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ '''West Nile Virus''' is a ["mosquitos" mosquito]-borne disease that infects mostly ["birds and bird watching" birds], but can be transmitted to humans. Most individuals will be largely asymptomatic or exhibit mild flu-like symptoms; others, especially older adults, may develop a more severe response resulting in fever, nausea, paralysis, or meningitis leading to death.</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- For most people, the disease exhibits no symptoms. For others, it can include fever, nausea, paralysis, meningitis leading to death.</span> </td> <td> <span>+ In summer 2005, the infection rate reached its peak, with 1 in 10 mosquitos along ["Sacramento"]'s ["American River"] found carrying the disease. To prevent a potential epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] using pyrethrins in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying while ["Davis"] was slated to be sprayed by truck. Davis residents [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html came out in storm] to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt "humans, and also ["cats"], ["bees"], earthworms, and ["Davis Wildlife" natural predators] of mosquitoes." (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'')</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- In summer 2005, the infection rate reached its peak, with 1 in 10 mosquitos by ["Sacramento" Sacramento's] ["American River"] having found to carry the disease.</span> </td> <td> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 7: </td> <td> Line 6: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- To prevent the possibility of an epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"].</span> </td> <td> <span>+ = Controversy =</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 9: </td> <td> Line 8: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- ["Sacramento"] was blanketed by aerial spraying; ["Davis"] will be sprayed by trucks. Davis residents came out in storm to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html "humans, and also cats, bees, earthworms, and natural predators of mosquitoes"] (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'')</span> </td> <td> <span>+ On August 23rd, 2005, a open panel on the issue of ground spraying for mosquitos dissolved in chaos when the attendees refused to follow the planned format. The format had been prearranged; a panel of experts would answer questions from the public. The questions were to be submitted in writing and Mayor ["Ruth Asmundson"] was to read them to the panel. After two questions, the gathered public began shouting at the panel that they should learn to practice Democracy and moving toward the front of the room. In response, the panel and Mayor closed the meeting and left out the back. There are no meetings planned in the future at this time.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-23 14:06:13AlphaDog+links <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> A mosquito-borne disease that infects mostly birds, but can be transmitted to humans. </td> <td> <span>+</span> A<span>&nbsp;["mosquitos"</span> mosquito<span>]</span>-borne disease that infects mostly birds, but can be transmitted to humans. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 9: </td> <td> Line 9: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>- </span>Sacramento was blanketed by aerial spraying; Davis will be sprayed by trucks. Davis residents came out in storm to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html "humans, and also cats, bees, earthworms, and natural predators of mosquitoes"] (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') </td> <td> <span>+ ["</span>Sacramento<span>"]</span> was blanketed by aerial spraying; <span>["</span>Davis<span>"]</span> will be sprayed by trucks. Davis residents came out in storm to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html "humans, and also cats, bees, earthworms, and natural predators of mosquitoes"] (''as if we needed more of such things in Davis!'') </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-23 12:02:09PhilipNeustrom <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 7: </td> <td> Line 7: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> To prevent the possibility of an epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] <span>[</span>[http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. </td> <td> <span>+</span> To prevent the possibility of an epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"]. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-23 12:01:45PhilipNeustrom <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 9: </td> <td> Line 9: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> Sacramento was blanketed by aerial spraying; Davis will be sprayed by trucks. Davis residents<span>&nbsp;from the uptight-brigade</span> came out in storm to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html "humans, and also cats, bees, earthworms, and natural predators of mosquitoes"]<span>, </span>as if we needed more of such things in Davis<span>.</span> </td> <td> <span>+</span> Sacramento was blanketed by aerial spraying; Davis will be sprayed by trucks. Davis residents came out in storm to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html "humans, and also cats, bees, earthworms, and natural predators of mosquitoes"]<span>&nbsp;(''</span>as if we needed more of such things in Davis<span>!'')</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-23 11:50:35ApolloStumpy <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 3: </td> <td> Line 3: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> <span>In</span> most people, the disease exhibits no symptoms. For others, it can include fever, nausea, paralysis, meningitis leading to death. </td> <td> <span>+</span> <span>For</span> most people, the disease exhibits no symptoms. For others, it can include fever, nausea, paralysis, meningitis leading to death. </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 7: </td> <td> Line 7: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ To prevent the possibility of an epidemic, ["Sacramento-Yolo Mosquito and Vector Control District"] [[http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/story/13381595p-14223184c.html instituted a pesticide-spraying program] in Sacramento-area counties, including ["Yolo County"].</span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 8: </td> <td> Line 9: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ Sacramento was blanketed by aerial spraying; Davis will be sprayed by trucks. Davis residents from the uptight-brigade came out in storm to protest the spraying, saying it might hurt [http://www.sacbee.com/content/news/ongoing/west_nile/story/13461802p-14302809c.html "humans, and also cats, bees, earthworms, and natural predators of mosquitoes"], as if we needed more of such things in Davis.</span> </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-23 11:35:58JabberWokkyFixed link. <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 5: </td> <td> Line 5: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> <span>-</span> In summer 2005, the infection rate reached its peak, with 1 in 10 mosquitos by ["Sacramento"'s] ["American River"] having found to carry the disease. </td> <td> <span>+</span> In summer 2005, the infection rate reached its peak, with 1 in 10 mosquitos by ["Sacramento"<span>&nbsp;Sacramento</span>'s] ["American River"] having found to carry the disease. </td> </tr> </table> </div> West Nile Virushttp://daviswiki.org/West_Nile_Virus2005-08-23 10:43:00ApolloStumpy <div id="content" class="wikipage content"> Differences for West Nile Virus<p><strong></strong></p><table> <tr> <td> <span> Deletions are marked with - . </span> </td> <td> <span> Additions are marked with +. </span> </td> </tr> <tr> <td> Line 1: </td> <td> Line 1: </td> </tr> <tr> <td> </td> <td> <span>+ A mosquito-borne disease that infects mostly birds, but can be transmitted to humans.<br> + <br> + In most people, the disease exhibits no symptoms. For others, it can include fever, nausea, paralysis, meningitis leading to death.<br> + <br> + In summer 2005, the infection rate reached its peak, with 1 in 10 mosquitos by ["Sacramento"'s] ["American River"] having found to carry the disease.<br> + <br> + <br> + </span> </td> </tr> </table> </div>