Yolo Bypass Wildlife Area

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smaller canada-geese-and-skyline.jpg hq.jpgYolo Bypass Wildlife Area Headquarters.

The Yolo Bypass Wildlife Area is located within the Yolo Bypass in Yolo County, California. The Wildlife Area is managed by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife with the intent of restoring and managing a variety of wildlife habitats in the Yolo Basin, a natural basin in the north part of the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta. The creation of the Wildlife Area was spearheaded by the Yolo Basin Foundation. The California Department of Fish and Wildlife and Yolo Basin Foundation are the core partners in the operation of this unique community resource.

History

The Wildlife Area was open to the public in 1997 after extensive restoration efforts completed by Ducks Unlimited with federal funds appropriated through the United States Army Corps of Engineers. In 1999, this 3,700-acre (15 km²) restoration project was named the Vic Fazio Yolo Wildlife Area in honor of congressman Vic Fazio who lobbied hard for the funds needed to build the project. In 2001 the Wildlife Area expanded to over 16,000 acres (65 km²) with the acquisition of the Glide and Los Rios properties. These acquisitions included the 10,000-acre (40 km²) Tule Ranch, a working cattle ranch with extensive vernal pool areas.

Flood Control

flood-at-causeway.jpg2006 flood at Yolo Causeway

The Yolo Bypass is a 59,000-acre (240 km²) flood control channel that protects Sacramento and other cities from flooding. The Wildlife Area was created with the understanding that it would remain completely compatible with this primary flood control function. For this reason, there are restrictions on the density of emergent vegetation and riparian trees within the Wildlife Area. These standards are determined through the use of hydrologic models.

Located at the north end of the Yolo Basin where Putah Creek enters the Yolo Bypass, this part of the Delta is known as the Putah Sinks and hosts a diverse assemblage of wildlife species inhabiting seasonal wetlands, permanent wetlands, riparian forest, uplands, vernal pools and agricultural habitats. This area remains as a critical link in the complex chain of
habitats that make up the Central Valley wetlands, a critical part of the Pacific Flyway.

Wildlife Habitat Types

Seasonal Wetlands
180 pond.jpgSeasonal Wetland during spring drawdown. Most wetlands on the Wildlife Area are managed as seasonal wetlands. They go through an extensive dry period during the spring and summer months. Typically these ponds are drained April 1st to stimulate the germination of Swamp Timothy. They may receive a brief summer irrigation and then are flooded in September to provide wetland habitat for migratory waterfowl and shorebirds. Because of its low stature, Swamp Timothy provides little resistance to flood flows, thus preserving the primary flood protection purpose of the Yolo Bypass. Additionally, this plant produces small seeds for waterfowl and a suitable substrate for the production of invertebrates, an important food source for shorebirds.

Permanent Wetlands
seasonal wetland.jpgPermanent Wetlands are deeper and flooded year round.

Permanent wetlands are flooded year round and tend to be deeper and have more emergent vegetation. These ponds provide important brood water for resident aquatic birds such as mallards, common moorhens and pied-billed grebes. They also provide drinking water for wildlife as well as relief from intense summer heat. This habitat is used extensively for roosting by black-crowned night herons, egrets, and white-faced ibis. The Giant Garter Snake also occurs in this habitat.
uplands.JPGUpland habitats on the Tule Ranch

Uplands

Upland habitats are used extensively by ground nesting birds such Northern Harriers, Western Meadowlarks, Mallards and Ring-necked Pheasant. Vegetation is typically dominated by annual rye grass, curly dock and wild sunflower. Typically, legumes such as vetch or various clovers are planted to increase the value of this habitat for nesting birds. Late spring irrigations through parts of the uplands can substantially increase the chick survival of Ring-necked Pheasant while increasing the occurrence of passerines such as Blue Grosbeak and Western Meadowlark. Rodent populations in these areas provide prey for large numbers of wintering birds of prey. As rodent populations increase, so do the number of nesting raptors including Northern Harriers and Short-eared Owls.

Riparian Forest
putah creek.JPGAerial view of the terminus of Putah Creek.

Riparian vegetation consists of willows, cottonwoods, black walnut and other tree species. Nesting species include Swainson's hawks, great-horned owls, wood ducks, tree swallows, and black phoebe. This habitat is very important for neo-tropical migrants such as blue grosbeak, ash-throated flycatchers, and a variety of warbler species. Most riparian vegetation is located along Putah Creek in the central part of the Wildlife Area.

Vernal Pools
vernal pool.jpgVernal Pool on the Tule Ranch Approximately 1,800 acres (7.3 km²) of natural uplands occur in the southwest portion of the Wildlife Area. There are several vernal pools in this area that are home to such invertebrate species as tadpole shrimp, clam shrimp and the endangered Conservancy fairy shrimp. Rare and endangered plants include Heckert's pepperweed and Ferris' alkali milk vetch. Grassland bird species in this area include grasshopper sparrow, savannah sparrow and burrowing owl.

Agriculture
cow-geese.jpgSnow geese on grazed pasture. An interesting feature of the Wildlife Area is the extensive use of agriculture to achieve its wildlife habitat goals, while providing important operating income. Cattle are used to control unwanted vegetation and are the primary management tool in the vernal pool habitat area. Their removal of thatch from the thick stands of annual rye grass help facilitate the germination of native forbs in this area, resulting in spectacular blooms of wildflowers each spring. In the northern portions of the Wildlife Area, rice is grown, which is then flooded after harvest, attracting thousands of waterfowl and shorebirds in full view of the thousands of automobiles on Interstate 80. Wildlife Managers have instituted a unique rotation within the rice fields that allows for a fallow stage every three years. During this fallow stage, the field is managed for migratory shorebirds by flooding during the mid summer months.

Public Use

auto tour map.jpgAuto Tour Map.tour route.jpgLarge numbers of waterfowl on the auto tour route.The Wildlife Area is open every day (except Christmas) for wildlife viewing and fishing. October through June, there are monthly tours on the second Saturday of each month conducted by volunteers from the Yolo Basin Foundation. Other public use opportunities are provided by the Yolo Basin Foundation and Fish and Wildlife including bat tours, open houses, and a fall/winter speaker series. Information regarding these activities can be found on the Yolo Basin Foundation events page [WWW]http://www.yolobasin.org/events.cfm

A six mile auto tour loop is open every day. This road travels through seasonal wetlands, permanent wetlands, uplands and agricultural areas. Especially during winter months, this route offers excellent wildlife viewing opportunities. Please park in turn outs and marked parking lots to enjoy hiking through this extensive wetland complex.

Birding
The Yolo Bypass Wildlife Area has become one of the premier birding areas in Northern California. Large numbers of waterfowl can be viewed in the winter months in both wetlands and flooded agricultural areas. They are often in the vicinity of shorebirds, many of which have traveled from the Arctic Coast to spend the winter in the Central Valley. The winter bird population also includes a wide variety of raptors. These birds of prey include Red-tailed Hawks, Rough-legged Hawks, Peregrine Falcon, Praire Falcon, Merlin, Cooper's Hawk, Sharp-shinned Hawk and White-tailed Kite. Bird numbers peak from December to March, when the northbound migration is in full swing. Many ducks are moving north in March, with shorebird migration peaking in mid April. At this time, birds from subtropical areas begin moving north to spend the summer in our area. Large numbers of warblers, tanagers, flycatchers and other "neotropical migrants" can be found in the few areas with willow riparian forests.

Resident birds begin nesting in the late Winter and Spring. Ground nesting birds such as Ring-necked Pheasants, Mallards and Northern Harriers use the mix of rank upland growth from previous years and the fresh sprouting grasses and forbs for nesting cover. Black-necked Stilts and American Avocets begin nesting on the receding mud flats of the seasonal wetlands in April. The young of these species are soon observed teetering on fresh legs as they probe the mud for their invertebrate prey.

By the last week in June, shorebirds begin arriving from the far north. Specially managed fallow rice fields are flooded in anticipation of their arrival and large numbers of these birds are soon feeding and roosting by the thousands. By late July, shorebirds are joined by Mallards and Gadwall who have nested in other parts of California, and gravitated to the few remaining wetlands available to them. Soon, the Pintail and Green-winged Teal arrive and the wintering flocks once again darken the skies over the Yolo Bypass.

Environmental Educationpond study.JPGSchool children learning about pond critters.
The successful "Discover the Flyway" environmental education program annually brings approximately 4,000 students per year to learn about wetlands and visit the Wildlife Area. This program served school children from throughout the Sacramento area, serving over 100 schools from 15 different school districts.

The program utilizes a 3 acre wetland demonstration area at the Wildlife Area headquarters as an outdoor classroom. Educational activities are set up to learn about animal tracks, aquatic invertebrates, plant identification as well as social studies lessons in Native American plant use and several other activities. The students then go on a tour of the Wildlife Area to see first hand, our local contribution to the Pacific Flyway chain of wetland areas.

people.jpgWildlife Area volunteers enjoying the winter sunset. Volunteering
There are opportunities for volunteers to contribute to the environmental education and public use programs. Docents for public tours are needed as well. There is great need for volunteers to help with special events such as "Duck Days," the Tule Ranch Open House and other activities. Additionally, there are special field trips and training activities available for volunteers. For more information and to learn about volunteer opportunities at the Wildlife Area contact the Yolo Basin Foundation [3].safety talk.jpgSafety orientation given by game warden prior to the junior hunt.

hunting map.jpg2009 hunting map Hunting
The Department of Fish and Wildlife operates public hunting programs for waterfowl, pheasant and mourning dove in specific areas of the Wildlife Area during the fall and winter months. Dove hunting season begins on September 1st and lasts fifteen days. Waterfowl season begins in mid to late October and usually runs through the last weekend in January. Pheasant season traditionally starts on the second Saturday in November and runs until mid to late December. Please consult the appropriate California hunting regulations [2] for more specific information. Junior hunting programs are conducted an an annual basis at the Wildlife Area. The junior pheasant hunt takes place on the second Saturday in November. Fifty birds are planted for 25 lucky hunters. The program includes safety discussions with Fish and Wildlife Game Wardens. The weekend following the end of duck season, the Wildlife Area is open for junior waterfowl hunting.

More information can be found at the Yolo Basin Foundation [WWW]http://www.yolobasin.org/
and Department of Fish and Game Wildlife Area website [WWW]http://www.dfg.ca.gov/lands/wa/region3/yolo/index.html

A gallery of photographs by the former Area Manager (Dave Feliz), is available for viewing:[WWW]http://picasaweb.google.com/yolodave/YoloBypassWildlifeArea

dfg logo.jpg ybf logo.jpg

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2008-03-09 22:43:09   I went to the Wildlife Area today for the first time and drove the six-mile route, stopping a dozen times to get out and walk and just listen and watch birds. It was so relaxing and quiet once we got away from the freeway traffic. The only drawback was the one or two drivers that drove faster than the speed limit (15 mph), leaving behind clouds of dust that covered us as we walked or drove. I'll go again to do more extensive walking. —robinlaughlin


2009-02-07 08:04:10   I went to the Wildlife Area yesterday to take some photos and a sign said it was affected by the biweekly furlough that's hitting all state agencies. So it will be closed Feb 20th, etc. —RonPluth


2010-01-06 18:07:40   Does anyone know about dog regulations here? Can you take your dogs walking with you in the Bypass? —CParker


2013-02-12 17:18:36   I spent some time here for the first time last Sunday. Great trip. I took my parents, who are avid bird watchers, out along the driving loop. Lots of great places to stop and look around. Incredible variety of birds. There are a few picnic tables and restrooms scattered around, so on a nice day it's easy to settle in and enjoy yourself. —TomGarberson


2013-03-13 14:57:48   We just went on the monthly (second Saturday) YBWA tour, which was led by volunteer docents Rob Floerke and Ken Ealing — and it was WONDERFUL! I've been on many a beginning birding tour, but this was the best even. Their information was clear, their stories were great. No "script-reading" for these men! Whatever was seen or found was immediately explained clearly. When that little girl came up with a duck skeleton (feathered wings still attached), I was amazed at the info that fountained out. I'd happily go on a tour with either Rob or Ken again. Hmmmm... maybe we will! See you at the next second Saturday? — LoisRichter

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